CONTENTS of journal "OIL & GAS CHEMISTRY" 4·2017 (Russia)

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS

THE INFLUENCE OF SEASONAL CHANGES OF THE COMPOSITION OF ASSOCIATED PETROLEUM GAS (APG) DURING ITS OXYPYROLYSIS WITH THE AIM OF ONE-STEP PRODUCING A MIXTURE OF ACETYLENE WITH SYNTHESIS GAS IN A PLUG-FLOW REACTOR (P. 5-8)
BURAVTSEV N.N., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Leading Researcher
KOLBANOVSKII YU.А., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Chief Researcher
ROSSIKHIN I.V., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Leading Researcher
A.V. Topchiev Institute of the petrochemical synthesis Russian Academy of Science (29, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russia).
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ABSTRACT
It is given the analysis of simulation results of the influence of seasonal changes of the composition of associated petroleum gas (APG) on the process of its oxypyrolysis with the aim of one-step producing a mixture of acetylene with synthesis gas in a plug-flow reactor (PFR). It is shown the advantages of the new flow chemical reactor with increased heat stress (CRIHS) with small-scale turbulence in the combustion zone of the superrich APG mixtures with oxygen, in which the kinetics of the process is near to the PFR model, compared to existing flow reactors. Using this model it is shown that the change in the seasonal composition of APG under equal initial conditions greatly affects the residence time, the volume of the combustion chamber, its heat stress, the temperature of combustion and the yield of acetylene. For the field of reactor construction for a given coefficient of excess oxygen it is proposed to compensate the seasonal changes in the composition of the APG by joint adjustable pre-heating of a reagent mixture and its total molar flow rate.
KEYWORDS: associated petroleum gas, acetylene, synthesis gas, oxypyrolysis, heat stress, model of plug-flow reactor.

FOUNDATIONS OF DESIGN OF THREE-COMPONENT GAS GENERATOR OF SYNTHESIS GAS (P. 9-16)
ZAGASHVILI YU.V., Dr. Sci (Tech.), Prof., General Director
LLC “VTR” (9-587, Morskaya Naberezhnaya, 199226, Saint-Petersburg, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
LEVIKHIN A.A., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Head of the Department of Engines and Aircraft Power Plants
BSTU “VOENMEKH” (1, 1-ya Krasnoarmeyskaya St., 190005, Saint-Petersburg, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
KUZMIN A.M., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), General Director
LLC “Generator Synthesis-Gas” (15/1-49, Olgi Forsh St., 195297, Saint-Petersburg, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The design basics of range of the original three-component (hydrocarbon - an oxidizer - water) gas generators of synthesis gas (GSG), implementing non-catalytic reduction technology partial oxidation of hydrocarbons, aredescribed. The physical model and the design of GSG, including basic units – mixing mount, a combustion chamber, the injection unit of water, the vaporization chamber are presented. The methods of calculating the nominal geometric dimensions of the GSG, which allowto assess weight and size characteristics of the GSG at the stage of execution of the basic design, are offered. Examples of experimental research of the GSG, confirming the adequacy of the proposed methodology and the efficiency of the GSG are presented.
KEYWORDS: synthesis gas, gas ganarator, partial oxidation, hydrocarbon materials, oxidizer, thermodynamic calculations, the mixing mount, the combustion chamber, the injection unit, evaporation chamber, the oxidizer / fuel ratio, the geometric dimensions, small-scale production of hydrogen and methanol.

THE MAIN TRENDS IN THE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT OF AMMONIA PRODUCTION (P. 17-21)
SOSNA M. KH., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof. of the Department of Gaschemistry
KASYM O.N., Graduate Student of the Department of Gaschemistry
Russian State University by I.M. Gubkin (65, Corp. 1, Leninskiy Ave., 119991, Moscow, Russia).
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ABSTRACT
This article describes the main trends in the development of ammonia production by Kellog Brown& Root company. Industrial production of ammonia began in XX century and during energy technological progress the plant items of the 4th generation were developed and implemented, which allow to reduce the energy consumption of a unit producing ammonia, thereby to reduce energy consumption and increase the unit performance.
KEYWORDS: ammonia, manufacture of ammonia, synthesis of ammonia, synthesis gas, Kellog, Kellog Brown & Root, natural gas conversion.

NEW SPATIAL-OBSTRUCTED PHENOLS AS ANTIOXIDANT ADDITIVES AND FETTERS METALS (P. 22-24)
ALEKSANYAN K.G., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Assoc. Prof., Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) (65, korp.1, Leninskiy Pr., 119991, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
YARULLIN N.R., Student, Department of Chemistry
Autonomous University of Barcelona (08193 Campus of the UAB, Civic Square, s/n, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain).
SALMANOV YU.S., Student, Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry
NALETOVA A.V., Student, Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry
DUBKOV A.U., Student, Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry
MIKHAILOV E.R., Student, Department of Organic Chemistry and Petroleum Chemistry
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) (65, korp.1, Leninskiy Pr., 119991, Moscow, Russia).
ABSTRACT
To ensure a high level of fuels’ quality is the item of additive’s package. However, they are often “in conflict” with each other, which leads to antagonism and, consequently, degrades the quality of the fuels. The antioxidant additive is an important part of the whole package. It stabilizes and prevents any oxidation processes during storage and transportation of fuel.
KEYWORDS: additives, antioxidants, deactivator metals, spatial hindered phenol, acid number.

THE STATE OF THE MIXTURES OF HIGH-VISCOSITY AND HEAVY OILS DURING TRANSPORT (P. 25-27)
KONDRASHEVA N.K., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Head of the Department of Chemical Technologies and Energy Resources Processing
BOYTSOVA А.A., Postgraduate Student of the Department of Chemical Technologies and Energy Resources Processing
Saint-Petersburg Mining University (2, 21 Line St., 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia).
POLETAEVA O.YU., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof. of the Department of Hydraulic and Gas Dynamics of Pipeline Systems and Hydraulic Machines
GUSEYNOVA S.N., Postgraduate Student of the Department of General, Analytical and Applied Chemistry
LEONTYEV A.YU., Postgraduate Student of the Department of Hydraulic and Gas Dynamics of Pipeline Systems and Hydraulic Machines
MOVSUMZADE E.M., Corresponding Member Russian Academy of education, Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Adviser to the Rector.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра., E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.,
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ABSTRACT
In this paper are considered the properties and composition of the oils from Tabukskoye, Kharyaginskoye and Yaregskoye deposits. One of the problems of transporting these oils is the deterioration of the mixtures transportable properties in a single pipeline system. In laboratory conditions, it was found that when heavy oil is mixed with light oil, it is observed temperature increase of 20-30°C, and when mixed with highly viscous oil, the temperature of paraffin precipitation decreases. The hydrocarbon composition of the oils was determined by the chromato-mass-spectral method. As a result, to assess the effect of the components on mixing parameters, molecules 4-methylhexadecane, decalin and naphthalene
were calculated.
KEYWORDS: highly viscous and heavy oils, hydrocarbon composition, viscosity, density, paraffine, resins, asphaltenes, 4-methylhexadecane, decalin, naphthalene, bond length and order, ionization potential.

OBTAINING CARBOHYDRATES AND THEIR DERIVATIVES FOR TESTING AS “GREEN” INHIBITORS OF SCALING AND HYDRATE FORMATION IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY (P. 28-31)
ISHMURATOV F.G., Researcher of the Department of General Chemistry
ALIMBEKOVA S.R., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Senior Researcher of the Department of General Chemistry
Ufa State Aviation Technical University (12, K. Marks St., 450008, Ufa, Russia).
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ABSTRACT
The subject of this article is chemical reagents for the oil and gas industry. It is devoted to the preparation (synthesis and isolation) of carbohydrates and their derivatives (D-glucosamine hydrochloride, chitosanium hydrochloride, arabinogalactan and sodium carboxymethylcellulose) for their subsequent testing as environmentally friendly “green” scaling and hydrate formation inhibitors. As a result, all target compounds characterized by modern physicochemical methods (IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy) were synthesized and selected.
KEYWORDS: polysaccharides, “green” scaling inhibitors and hydrate formation, synthesis, selection.

ESTIMATING THE UNOBSERVED PROCESS OF PETROCHEMICAL REACTOR POISONING USING NEURAL NETWORK TECHNOLOGY (P. 32-36)
NEKRASOV I.V., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Software Solution Architect
“GE Rus” LTD (General Electric Intelligent Platforms) (10, Presnenskaya Nab., 12331, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ZHAGFAROV I.F., digital solutions implementation manager
“GE Rus” LTD (General Electric Intelligent Platforms) (10, Presnenskaya Nab., 12331, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
KONDRATYEV A.D., General Manager
LLC “Center of Industrial Analytics” (2, apart. 9, 108811, Moscow City, Moscow St., Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
This paper represents the results of applying neural network technology to the problem of estimating unobserved parameters of physical and chemical processes. We investigate the process of petrochemical reactor poisoning that affects the primary technological process while proceeding simultaneously with it. Having no direct measurement of the reactor fouling level we apply the “neural network virtual sensor” technology to estimate its current value based on observed parameters of technological process. From a practical standpoint the suggested approach of estimating the fouling level of the petrochemical reactor can be implemented as an online software solution that is utilized for dynamic scheduling of cleaning and maintenance procedures.
KEYWORDS: estimating unobserved parameters, neural network, supervised machine learning, virtual sensor, petrochemical reactor.

KINETICS AND CATALYSIS

THE EFFECT OF ZEOLITE SILICATE MODULE ON THE ACTIVITY OF Mo/ZSM-5 CATALYST FOR NON-OXIDATIVE METHANE CONVERSION (P. 37-40)
STEPANOV A.A., Graduate Student
KOROBITSYNA L.K., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Researcher
VOSMERIKOV A.V., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Head of the Laboratory, Director
Institute of Petroleum Chemistry SB RAS (4, Akademichesky Avenue, 634055, Tomsk, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра..
ABSTRACT
The solid-phase synthesis was used to prepare Mo/ZSM-5 catalysts based on high-silica zeolites of the ZSM-5 type with a different silicate module and a nanosized Mo powder. The acid and catalytic properties of the obtained systems were studied during the non-oxidative conversion of methane to aromatic hydrocarbons. It was shown that in the reaction of methane dehydroaromatization the activity of the Mo/ZSM-5 catalyst significantly depended on the value of the silicate module of the zeolite.
KEYWORDS: non-oxidative methane conversion, Mo/ZSM-5, high-silica zeolite, nanopowder, acidity, silicate module.

THE JOINT CONVERSION OF METHANE AND N-PENTANE IN A NON-OXIDATIVE CONDITIONS IN THE PRESENCE OF PLATINUM ON ALUMINA SUPPORT WITH DIFFERENT ACIDITY (P. 41-46)
VINICHENKO N.V., Junior Researcher
Institute for Hydrocarbon Processing SB RAS (54, Neftetsavodskaya St., 644040, Omsk, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
GOLINSKIY D.V., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Researcher
ZATOLOKINA E.V., Junior Researcher
Institute for Hydrocarbon Processing SB RAS (54, Neftetsavodskaya St., 644040, Omsk, Russia).
PAUKSHTIS E.A., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Chief Researcher
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS (5, Lavrentieva pr., 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia).
UDRAS I.E., Junior Researcher
BELYY A.S., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Head of the Laboratory LSMT
Institute for Hydrocarbon Processing SB RAS (54, Neftetsavodskaya St., 644040, Omsk, Russia).
ABSTRACT
In the paper there were investigated the modifying effect of -Al2O3 with fluorine on the state of platinum on the surface of the alumina and the acidic properties of the support. Activation of methane and the composition of the produced hydrocarbon fragments in the presence of catalysts with different contents of F- (0,5–2% wt.) were studied. It was shown the most active sample in the reaction of joint conversion of methane with n-pentane in non-oxidative conditions.
KEYWORDS: methane, n-pentane, Lewis acid sites, chemisorption, fluorine, aromatic hydrocarbons.

ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION AND UTILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES

MULTI PARAMETRIC DIAGNOSTIC METHOD IN THE TASK OF DETERMINING THE EXTENT OF SOIL POLLUTION BY HYDROCARBONS (P. 47-49)
ABDULLAEVA S.N., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof.
Azerbaijan State University of Oil and Industry (34, Azadlyg Ave., AZ 1010, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
A number of multi criteria optimization problems can be reduced to the problem of determining the extremum of a scalar linear convolution composed from the particular criteria of the optimization and the weight factors. In the proposed multi parametric method of determining influencing environmental factor its value is not variable, as it determines by external nature or external conditions that don’t depend on the researcher. The influencing environmental factor has many signs with different authenticities determining the value of this factor. It is required to determine such a set of weighting coefficients, in which the overall reliability of the assessment of this factor would reach a maximum value. Thus, the problem is reduced to analysis of linear scalar convolution optimized by selecting the weight coefficients. Multiplicative problem was formulated and solved to determine the extent of soil pollution by hydrocarbons by analyzing the reflectance spectrum of vegetation grown on this soil. Mathematically it is proved that the application of the method of multi criteria optimization in the system when carrying out a total diagnosis of many contaminated sites improves the accuracy of the result of 1.41 times.
KEYWORDS: hydrocarbons, soils, pollution, optimization, functionality, reflective spectrum.

JUBILEE DATES

THE TRIUMPH OF SPIRIT AND TALENT: LIFE AND DESTINY OF V.N. IPATYEV (P. 52-57)

THE LIST OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE JOURNAL “OIL & GAS CYTMISTRY” IN 2017 (P. 58-60)

 

 

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