CONTENTS of journal "OIL & GAS CHEMISTRY" 3·2015 (Russia)

NEWS OF SIBUR (P. 6-9)

BASIC THEME

The birth of a giant

For the 20th anniversary of SIBUR (P. 10-15)

INTERVIEW

INTERVIEW WITH THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF SIBUR MIKHAIL KARISALOV (P. 16-20)

TECHNOLOGY, PROJECTS

THE LLC NIOST CENTRE FOR DRYING OF HYDROCARBON STREAMS: SCREENING OF DOMESTICALLY PRODUCED AND IMPORTED ZEOLITE ADSORBENTS (P. 21-27)
Babina A.A., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Leading Senior Researcher
Zotov R.A., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Director for Petroleum and Gas Chemistry
Kazakov Yu.M., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), General Director LLC «NIOST Sibur», 634067, Kuzovlevskiitrakt 2, build. 270, Tomsk, Russia E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The process of the Centre foundation from the initial idea to results of the actual work: testing of zeolite adsorbents for industry is shown on the example of project performed on by screening the broad scope of domestically produced and imported zeolite adsorbents. The results of the laboratory screening and pilot tests are presented. The details of the adsorbent regeneration stage are discussed based on studying the regeneration processes of zeolites used for drying of the associated gas from the raw oil wells.
Keywords: synthetic zeolites, dehydration associated gas from the raw oil wells, physical, mechanical and adsorption properties of zeolites 3A.

A CONCEPT OF DOMESTIC FACILITY FOR PRODUCTION OF LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS (P. 28-33)
Adzhiev A.Yu., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Chief Researcher, Advisor to General Director
Moreva N.P., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Lead Engineer
Dolinskaya N.I., 1st category Engineer JSC NIPIgaspererabotka (Krasnaya str., 118, Krasnodar, 350000, Russia) E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The article presents the concept of a domestic production line of liquefied natural gas, the problem of design, construction, operation and solutions for installations that are part of the production line. To install amine treatment considered various absorbents developed by Russian and foreign producers. Adsorbents are the requirements for the production of liquefied petroleum gas. The results of comparative tests of domestic and imported samples of zeolite type A, obtained by the authors. The main directions of work on the creation and use of sorbent drying gas in the production of LNG.
Keywords: liquefied natural gas, purification of amine absorbents, dehydrate, adsorbents, topping, fractionation, cooling, liquefaction.

DOMESTIC ZEOLITES FOR DEEP DRYING OF GAS IN THE PRODUCTION OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (P. 34-38)
ADZHIEV A.YU., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Chief Researcher, Advisor to General Director
MOREVA N.P., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Lead Engineer
DOLINSKAYA N.I., 1st category Engineer NIPIgaspererabotka(Krasnaya str., 118, Krasnodar, 350000, Russia) E-mail:Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
Article is devoted to the substitution of imported domestic adsorbents synthetic zeolites type A dehydration unit when receiving liquefied natural gas (LNG). Upon receipt of LNG use the traditional process of adsorption of gas dehydration. Results complex multicycle testing zeolites in laboratory and pilot plant scale in an industrial environment on the actual process gas. Our results show that zeolite of domestic production of physical and chemical indicators are not inferior to foreign analogues, and on the adsorption characteristics of a few superior to them. Cooperation with domestic producers adsorbents enable the use of zeolites produced in Russia for gas dehydration process in the production of LNG as both a base layer and protective.
Keywords: drying gas adsorbents, dew point in water, physical and mechanical characteristics, the adsorption activity.

NEW PRODUCTS OF ASSOCIATED PETROLEUM GAS (P. 39-43)
EGED’ A.A., Cand.Sci.(Chem)
ADZHIEV A.YU., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Chief Researcher, Advisor to General Director JSC NIPIgaspererabotka (Krasnaya str., 118, Krasnodar, 350000, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The article describes the processes for the processing of associated gas to produce qualified new products - condensed aviation fuel, concentrate aromatics. Process flow diagram and operating parameters and production unit condensed aviation fuel of Akron for benzene-toluene-xylene fraction of hydrocarbons. Given the direction of the use of new products in the national economy.
Keywords: associated petroleum gas, light hydrocarbons, jet fuel, process, operational parameters, distillation column reactor, zeolite catalyst, aromatic hydrocarbons.

DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

PROSPECTS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL-SCALE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS  IN RUSSIA (P. 44-51)
FEDOROVA E.B., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof., Deputy Head of Processing Equipment Chair
MEL’NIKOV V.B., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof. Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (Leninskiy prosp., 65, korp.1, 119991, Moscow, Russia)
ABSTRACT
Small-scale production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) plays a specialrole in the Global Energetics. The article points up the reasons of rising interest to small-scale LNG under crisis conditions, shows the possibility of providing Russia regions with energy based on small-scale LNG, describes the main small-scale technologies of liquefaction; the experience of Russian regions to build LNG infrastructure is given, the problems and prospects of small-scale LNG are pointed up. It is shown that the creation of the LNG infrastructure should be based on a comprehensive approach that takes into account the socio-economic and industrial features of the region.
Keywords: liquefied natural gas, LNG, gasification, small-scale LNG, small-scale LNG technologies, LNG as a fuel, LNG infrastructure, comprehensive approach.

ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT BY MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES IN PETROCHEMISTRY, THE FOOD INDUSTRY AND SEWAGE TREATMENT (P. 52-59)
VERTYAGIN S.A., researcher Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
PETRASH ZBINEK, manager of MEGA Company
NOVAK LUBOSH, general director of MEGA Company. MBIC (STRAZ POD RALSKENI, CZ. Rep.)
TALYSHINSKY R.M., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Researcher
MOVSUMZADE E.M., Corresponding Member Russian Academy of education, Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof. Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The review of works in the field of the membrane technologies providing economic and ecological indicators of petrochemical processes, and also processes of the food industry and sewage treatment is provided. As a matter of experience productions, practical use of membranes in various branches, and also on the basis of researches in the innovative and research center "membrain", basic possibility of increase of technological indicators at division of mix of gases of a mineral and organic origin is shown. The main directions of oil gases processing, their cleanings of sour components are formulated. Possibility of use of an electrodialysis for activation of solutions at synthesis of the put heterogeneous catalysts of petrochemical processes is shown.
Keywords: membrane technology, petrochemistry, ecology, economy.

GAS CHEMISTRY OF THE XXI CENTURY AND THE THEORY OF BRANCHED-CHAIN PROCESSES

N.N. SEMENOV’S HERITAGE AND A NEW GENERATION OF CHEMICAL PROCESSES (P. 60-68)
ALDOSHIN S.M., Academician, Vice-President of RAS, Director
ARUTYUNOV V.S., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Head of Laboratory of Hydrocarbon Oxidation
SAVCHENKO V.I., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Principal Researcher
SEDOV I.V., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Head of Chemical and Technological Department
The Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPCP RAS) (1, Academician Semenov av., Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia) E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The increasing role of natural gas and, as consequence that of gas chemistry, in the economy of XXI century demands the development of new gas chemical processes, more flexible relative to raw staff and manufactured products, and profitable even at small-scale operation. As a base for new generation of gas chemical technologies can be considered nonequilibrium kinetic processes that are described by chain-branched theory of N.N. Semenov.
Keywords: natural gas, associated oil gas, gas chemistry, syngas, chain-branched processes, partial oxidation, oxygenates, methanol.

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS

COMPARISON OF TECHNOLOGIES OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES OF LOWER OLEFINS FROM METHANE VIA THE INTERMEDIATE SYNTHESIS AND SUBSEQUENT PYROLYSIS OF METHANOL OR METHYL CHLORIDE
1.
Comparison of processes of production of lower olefins from methanol and methyl chloride (P. 69-73)
ROZANOVV.N., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Researcher
TREGER YU.A., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., General Director
DASAEVA G.S., Senior Researcher
SOKOLOVA S.V., Junior Researcher
ABSTRACT
Comparison of technologies for the production of methanol or methyl chloride lower olefins, mainly ethylene and propylene. It is shown that both processes have similar technology for the production of olefins and selection of the target products, as well asprogressindicators on theselectivity of the process.
Keywords: methanol, olefins,synthesis gas,ethylene.

ABOUT ENSURING PRODUCTION OF FUELS WITH DOMESTIC ADDITIVES (P. 74-76)
DANILOV A.M., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Deputy General Director JSC «All-Russia research Institute of oil refining» (VNII NP) (6, b. 1, Aviamotornaya str., Moscow, 111116, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
Possibilities of the Russian developers and manufacturers on ensuring production of fuels with additives are considered. It is shown that necessary technical solutions are available. Some additives (antiwear, ignition improver) already occupy a big share of the domestic market. The most important problem consists in an insufficient source of raw materials.
Keywords: the Russian market of additives to fuel, development of additives to fuel, antiwear additives, ignition improver, WASA & MDFI additives.

GAS SULPHUR: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

THE MAIN DIRECTIONS OF IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE CLAUS PROCESS (P. 77-84)
GOLUBEVA I.A., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof. of the Department of Gaschemistry
MOROZKIN F.S., student Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (Leninskiy prosp., 65, korp.1, 119991, Moscow, Russia)
ABSTRACT
The analysis of the main problems and their causes in the production of sulfur in plants Claus. The main technological modifications at various stages of the Claus process. For some purposes, the calculations are performed using a universal system modeling Aspen HYSYS.
Keywords: sulfur, the Claus process, the acid gas, heat level, reactor, catalyst.

GAS HYDRATES AS A VALUABLE CHEMICAL FEEDSTOCK

COMPOSITION AND PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF HYDRATES OF NATURAL GASES IRELYAKHSKOE AND SREDNEVILYUISKOE FIELDS (P. 85-88)
FEDOROVA A. F., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Leading Researcher
KALACHEVA L. P., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Leading Researcher Institute of oil and gas problems SB RAS (IPGP SB RAS) (1, Oktyabrskaya str., Yakutsk, 677891, Russia)
ABSTRACT
The processes of formation and decomposition of natural gas hydrates of Irelyakhskoe and Srednevilyuiskoe fields were investigated. Determine their composition and physico-chemical properties. It is found that it is possible to obtain a gas with a higher content of ethane, propane, iso-butane, n-butane in the synthesis of hydrates.
Keywords: natural gas, gas hydrates, hydrates composition, physico-chemical properties of the hydrates.

 

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