CONTENTS of journal "OIL & GAS CHEMISTRY" 1·2014 (Russia)

DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

CURRENT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS IN MODERN REFINING BUSINESS (pp. 3-18)
Stratiev D., Dr. Tech. Sci., Chief technologist, LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas (Burgas, Bulgaria)
Shishkova I., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Head of Research Laboratory, LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas (Burgas, Bulgaria)
Dinkov R., Candidate of Tech. Sci., Head of the Group «Quality», LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas (Burgas, Bulgaria)
Nedelchev A., Magister, Deputy Chief Technologist, LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas (Burgas, Bulgaria)
Marinov I., Magister, Engineer, LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas (Burgas, Bulgaria)
Bonchev I., Magister, Engineer, LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas (Burgas, Bulgaria)
Obryvalina A., Deputy General Director, LUKOIL-Nizhegorodniinefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
Telyashev R., Candidate of Tech. Sci. General Director, of LUKOIL - Nizhegorodniinefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation)
Nikolova R., Magister, Engineer, University «Prof. Dr. Asen Zlatarov» (Burgas, Bulgaria)
Mitkova M., Docent, Candidate Chem. Sci., Deputy Rector, University «Prof. Dr. Asen Zlatarov» (Burgas, Bulgaria)
ABSTRACT
This paper presents the analysis of the possibilities of modern technology of heavy oil residues and processing technologies so-called «opportunity crudes». The analysis shows that in the context of high oil prices hydroconversion processes heavy oil residues show great advantages in comparison with the coking process. The most common industrial technology for high tar conversion (over 60%) is a fluidized bed hydrocracking catalyst (H-Oil and LC-Fining). The main limitation to achieve high conversion of heavy oil residues is to reduce them to the level of colloidal stability, causes an increase in the formation of deposits on equipment. Sediment formation (deposition) increases exponentially with an increase in power conversion. Suppression of sediment formation with increasing conversion hydrocracking process achievable in the fluidized bed catalyst can be achieved by adding heavy oil with a high content of aromatic compounds to a residual feedstock. Conversion of heavy oil residue hydrocracking catalyst in a fluidized bed can reach 90% or more by combining technology deasphalting nonconvertible residue recycle DAO.
KEYWORDS: heavy oil residues, opportunity crudes, hydrocracking processes, coking process, H-Oil, LC-Fining, conversion.

HYDROCARBON FEEDSTOCK

ENHANCING THE EFFICIENCY OF HELIUM UNITS OF HELIUM PLANT OF «GAZPROM DOBYCHA ORENBURG» (pp. 19-22)
Habibullin R.R., Head of Technical Department. E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
Avzalova G.R., Engineer. E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
Helium Plant of «Gazprom dobycha Orenburg» (1/2, st. Chkalova, Orenburg, 460058, Russian Federation)
ABSTRACT
Operational process of Helium Plant of «Gazprom dobycha Orenburg» has found a number of disadvantages of helium units’ technology. These defects have been removed by improvements which are described in the article.
At the 2d helium block of Helium Plant switch to new feedstock containing large number of heavy hydrocarbons led to increase of ethane fraction and wide fraction of light hydrocarbons (WFLH) losses. Considerable losses reductions have been attained by the using part of the second stream-stripping column residue as reflux in rectifying section of the methane column and by supply some of liquid from first stage separator to the pipeline of overflows from rectifying to stripping section of the methane column. Improve safety; increase of operating temperature range and as a result growth of ethane fraction and WFLH output at the unit of production of helium concentrate, ethane fraction and WFLH at the 1st Stage of Helium Plant have been achieved by replacement of stripping section of the methane column which was made of steel 09Г2С with section which was made of stainless steel 12Х18Н10Т.
Initially at the unit of production of helium concentrate, ethane fraction and WFLH at the 3d Stage of Helium Plant (U-31/32) stream of high pressure methane fraction from the top of the methane column were being throttled and weren’t being supplied to the turbo-expander. If the valve is replaced with a turbo-expander temperature drop can be significantly higher. Increase of cold-productivity and consequent growth of ethane fraction and WFLH output at U-31/32 have been attained by fed joint flows of high pressure methane fraction from rectifying section of the methane column and separator of liquid natural gas.
KEYWORDS: helium plant, natural gas, ethane fraction, wide fraction of light hydrocarbons, methane column, turbine-driven set), turbo-expander, high pressure methane fraction.

CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY

CURRENT STATE OF PRODUCT PROPYLENE OXIDE
(pp. 23-26)
Sulimov A.V., Dzerzhinsky Polytechnic Institute (branch) of the Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University (st. Gaidar , 49, Dzerzhinsk, Nizhny Novgorod region, 606026, Russian Federation)
Danov S.M., Dzerzhinsky Polytechnic Institute (branch) of the Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University (st. Gaidar , 49, Dzerzhinsk, Nizhny Novgorod region, 606026, Russian Federation)
Ovcharova A.V., Dzerzhinsky Polytechnic Institute (branch) of the Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University (st. Gaidar, 49, Dzerzhinsk, Nizhny Novgorod region, 606026, Russian Federation)
Obryvalina A.N., LUKOIL–Nizhegorodniinefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.)
Telyashev R.G., LUKOIL–Nizhegorodniinefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation)
Ovcharov A.A., LUKOIL–Nizhegorodniinefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation)
Balashov A.L., RosRAO Volga Territorial District (st. Chernigovskaya, 17, Nizhny Novgorod 603001, Russia Federation)
ABSTRACT
The review of ways receiving propylene oxide with the characteristic of existing industrial productions and an assessment of prospects of innovative process of a direct liquid-phase epoxidation of propylene with hydrogen peroxide is presented.
KEYWORDS: propylene oxide, production, epoxidation.

SYNTHESIS OF DIOXYGEN ADDUCTS OF METALPORPHYRIN COMPLEXESIN CAVITY OF RESEPTORS
(pp. 27-32)
Agahuseynova M.M., Abdullayeva G.N., Adigezalova M.B.
Azerbaijan State Oil Academiy(Azadliq avenue-20, Baku, Azrebaidjan)
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ABSTRACT
Dioxygen adducts of transition metals with oil porphyrineliqands has been received. At first time adduct formation reaction between metalporphyrine compounds with molecular oxygen in internal field of receptors has been investigated.
It is that in this case formed clatrat compounds. Dioxygen adduct is stable in presence of receptors and reaction process us selective.

STUDYING BACTERICIDAL EFFICIENCY OF SOME N-CONTAINING ESTERS OF BUTANEDIOL-1,3 (pp. 33-37)
Farzaliev V.M.,
Academician A.M. Guliyev Institute of Chemistry of Additives (Boyukshor shosse, kv. 2062, Baku - AZ1029, Azerbaijan Republic)
Halimardanov K.H.,
Institute of Petrochemical Processes named after Yu.G.Mamedaliyev (AZ1025, 30, Khojali pr., Baku, Azerbaijan Republic)
Babayev N.R.,
Institute of Petrochemical Processes named after Yu.G.Mamedaliyev (AZ1025, 30, Khojali pr., Baku, Azerbaijan Republic)
Sultanova S.K.,
Academician A.M. Guliyev Institute of Chemistry of Additives (Boyukshor shosse, kv. 2062, Baku - AZ1029, Azerbaijan Republic)
ABSTRACT
A series of amino-methyl derivatives of allyl monoester of butanediol-1,3 has been studied as antimicrobial additives to lubricating oils and cutting fluids. It has been established that the investigated compounds show antimicrobial properties at concentrations of 0.25 and 0.5% in the oil M-10 and cutting fluid Azerol-5 and by action efficiency don’t exceed widely used antimicrobial additive - 8-oxyquinoline (at the same concentration), but some of them - 1-allyl-oxy -3- morpholil-methyl ester of butanediol-1,3 (2) and 1-allyloxy-3-piperidilmethyl ester of butanediol-1,3 (3) exceed them by efficiency. There has been found duration of bacterial action of investigated biocides over a certain time period (150 days) from the start of the test. The dynamics of microbial growth in the presence and without biocide has been defined.
KEYWORDS: antimicrobial additives lubricating oil, allyl monoester of butanediol-1,3.

THE TRANSITION TO STANDARD-SETTING ON THE PRINCIPLES OF BEST AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES FOR OIL REFINERIES
(pp. 38-43)
Mazlova E.A.,
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (65, Leninsky prospect, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation)
Obryvalina A.N., LUKOIL–Nizhegorodniinefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation. E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.)
Ovcharov A.A., LUKOIL–Nizhegorodniinefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation)
ABSTRACT
In Russia launched the state program of development aimed at modernization and renovation of oil-refining and petrochemical complex of the country. Special attention is paid to minimize environmental impact. Tool to meet these objectives can serve as a transition to the grant of industrial enterprises of integrated permits for emissions, discharges, waste disposal based on technological rationing using the best available technology in accordance with the European and world experience.
The article assesses the current level of pollution by oil plants. Presented to the European experience in the determination of the acceptable level of impact of industrial enterprises on the environment by means of directories BREF (Best available techniques REFerence document) - reference document on the best available techniques, which in a General sense recommends the best available technology. Defined task of transition to the principles of best available technology (BAT) in Russia, which is scheduled for three years to prepare handbooks BAT and describe more than six thousands of technological processes.
Keywords: environment, oil refineries, best available techniques.

ANNIVERSARIES

85th ANNIVERSARY OF THE RESEARCH AND DESIGN INSTITUTE FOR OIL REFINING AND PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY
Kapustin V.M., Prof., General Director
Raud E.A., Candidate of Chem. Sci., Deputy commercial Director
VNIPIneft (32, bld.1, F.Engelsa str., 105005, Moscow, Russia)
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ABSTRACT
In February 2014 in the domestic refining and petrochemical industry was a significant event — the 85th anniversary of «VNIPIneft». The article presents the major historical milestones in the development of the Institute from the State Institute of Design of refineries «Giproneftezavod» to JSC «VNIPIneft».
KEYWORDS: VNIPIneft, Design Institute, anniversary

 

Фотогалерея

КОНТАКТЫ

Индекс: 119313
Москва, улица Гарибальди, д. 4Г
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