CONTENTS of journal "OIL & GAS CHEMISTRY" 1·2013 (Russia)

HYDROCARBON FEEDSTOCK

Application of Heat Processing of Oil Shale to Obtain Raw Materials of the Fischer-Tropsch Process
Grigoriev D.A.
, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (Leninsky Prospect, 65, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation; e-mail adress: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.)
Latypova D.Zh., Candidate of Chemistry Sciences, Ufa State Oil Technical University (St. Cosmonauts, 1, Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation)
Lapidus A.L., Doctor of Chemistry Sciences, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences, Head. Department «Gas Chemistry», Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (Leninsky Prosp., 65, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation)
ABSTRACTS
Diversification grounded primary sources of raw materials for synthetic liquid hydrocarbons through the intermediate step of producing syngas from natural gas to the solid fossil fuel for example shale and use existing processes currently processing.
Gasification Process shale long been known, but the problem of obtaining a gas suitable as a feedstock for the Fischer-Tropsch process is a new trend in the processing of shale.
The analysis of the results of many years of operating experience of existing processes in order to identify those among them who are already without modification or with minor modifications can be used to obtain raw materials of the Fischer-Tropsch process. This paper analyzes the processes of thermal processing of various raw objects used for further conversion into fuel hydrocarbons. The subjects were studied coal, peat, shale. In each case was of interest syngas conversion which results in C5 and higher hydrocarbons.
Found that the most appropriate process is pyrolysis of oil shale in chamber furnaces. Achieved a maximum yield of gas per unit mass of material. Content ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide is close to 2, which is a criterion for the suitability of the product gas for Fischer-Tropsch process.
Keywords: diversification raw, Fischer-Tropsch process, oil shale, ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide, syngas, furnace chamber.

Preparation and use hydrocarbon condensate allocated to the compressor station
Chernoskutova E.N., NIPIgaspererabotka (Krasnaya st., 118, Krasnodar, 350000, Russian Federation)
Adzhiev A.Yu., NIPIgaspererabotka (Krasnaya st., 118, Krasnodar, 350000, Russian Federation)
Kilinnik A.V., NIPIgaspererabotka (Krasnaya st., 118, Krasnodar, 350000, Russian Federation)
Dolinskaya N.I., NIPIgaspererabotka (Krasnaya st., 118, Krasnodar, 350000, Russian Federation)
Khramtsov V.I., SiburTyumenGaz (st. Omskaya, 1, Nizhnevartovsk, Tyumen region, 628616,Russian Federation)
Ivanov S.A., SiburTyumenGaz (st. Omskaya, 1, Nizhnevartovsk, Tyumen region, 628616, Russian Federation)
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ABSTRACT
Ways of improving the quality of gas supplied to the processing by splitting the gas-liquid flow in order to effectively discharge the hydrocarbon condensate. Presents options for the use of the hydrocarbon condensate. The most interesting option - Preparing for the hydrocarbon condensate preparation unit and the direction of his or mixes with a broad fraction of hydrocarbons, or involvement in processing on the installation of gas processing. A positive aspect of this embodiment is the use of the hydrocarbon condensate without loss of valuable hydrocarbons C3-C10.
Stages of preparation the hydrocarbon condensate. It is important to determine the composition and quantity of impurities and negative the hydrocarbon condensate, because these data are the determining factors in choosing the necessary stages of preparation the hydrocarbon condensate.
The comparison of the quality of commercial grade A broad fraction of hydrocarbons prepared hydrocarbon condensate and the total combined flow after mixing. It is shown that the mixing certain amount of hydrocarbon condensate with marketable broad fraction of hydrocarbons, the quality of the total flow meets the technical requirements for broad fraction of hydrocarbons.
Keywords: hydrocarbon condensate, cleaning unit, drying unit.

CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY

Study of the influence of geometric and electronic structures of several antiknock additives on the octane number
Poletaeva O.
, Candidate of Chemistry Sciences, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (Kosmonavtov St., 1, Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation. E-mail address: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.)
Karimova R., Candidate of Chemistry Sciences, LUKOIL-Nizhegorodniinefteproekt (Gorky st., 147a, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation)
Movsumzade E., Doctor of Chemistry Sciences, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (Kosmonavtov St., 1, Ufa, 450062, Russian Federation)
ABSTRACTS
Stages of the study of various compounds to increase the octane number of gasoline, and several theories regarding the phenomenon of detonation are presented in the article. In the no empirical approximations of RHF/6-31G (p, d), MP2/6-31G (p, d), in the gas-phase there were investigated geometric and electronic structure and standard enthalpy of formation of several paraffins, isoparaffins and ethers. It is shown the influence of centralization, methyl groups of isoparaffins and elongation of alkyl chain, the oxygen atom of ethers to the change of the structural characteristics and octane number.
Keywords: ethers; paraffins; isoparaffins; constrained Hartree-Fock method; dipole moment; geometric and electronic structure; perturbation theory Moller-Plesset; octane number; detonation.

Innovative processes for producing epichlorohydrin

Sulimov A.V., Dzerzhinsky Polytechnic Institute (branch) of the Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University (st. Gaidar , 49, Dzerzhinsk, Nizhny Novgorod region, 606026, Russian Federation)
Danov S.M., Dzerzhinsky Polytechnic Institute (branch) of the Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University (st. Gaidar , 49, Dzerzhinsk, Nizhny Novgorod region, 606026, Russian Federation)
Ovcharova A.V., Dzerzhinsky Polytechnic Institute (branch) of the Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University (st. Gaidar , 49, Dzerzhinsk, Nizhny Novgorod region, 606026, Russian Federation)
Obryvalina A.N., LUKOIL–Nizhegorodnilnefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian FederationE-mail:Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.)
Telyashev R.G., LUKOIL–Nizhegorodnilnefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation)
Ovcharov A.A., LUKOIL–Nizhegorodnilnefteproekt (st. Gorky, 147A, Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation)
Balashov A.L., RosRAO, Volga Territorial District (st. Chernigovskaya, 17, Nizhny Novgorod 603001, Russia Federation)
ABSTRACT
Data on methods of producing epichlorohydrin is compiled and analyzed. It is shown that the most perspective method of receiving epichlorohydrin is process of a liquid-phase epoxidation allyl chloride with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of the heterogeneous catalyst.
Keywords: epichlorohydrin, epoxidation, hydroperoxide, epoxy resins, catalysis.

Application of recycling to increase efficiency esterification reactor of phthalic anhydride with 2-ethylhexanol

Rakhimkulov A.G., IPF «NEFTEHIMTEHNOLOGII» (st. Depovskaya, 15, Sterlitamak, 453103, Russian Federation. E-mail address: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.)
ABSTRACT
The process of obtaining di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (plasticizer DOP) direct esterification of phthalic anhydride with 2-ethylhexanol. The method of recycling to increase the efficiency of the process. Optimality principle is to increase the recycling rate of the chemical reaction and ensuring maximum performance desktop unit of reactor volume. The calculated data. The method of circulating current alcohol to optimize economic performance of plasticizer. It is shown that irrespective of the thermodynamic and kinetic limitations can be achieved by recycling the maximum utilization of raw materials.
Keywords: kinetics of the reaction, recycling, esterification, phthalic anhydride, 2-ethylhexanol.

EQUIPMENTS

Features associated gas separation for admission of raw compressor stations
Boyko S.I.,
Gritsay M.A.,
Litvinenko A.V.,
Arestenko A.Yu.,
Morozov B.M.,
Shulga T.N.
NIPIgaspererabotka (Krasnaya st., 118, Krasnodar, 350000, Russian Federation)
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ABSTRACT
When separating of associated gas most difficult operating conditions occur in the inlet separator. Function of inlet separators is to clear the gas from the liquid drops (oil, condensate and water) and mechanical impurities (corrosion products, sand, asphalt), as well as the protection of compressor stations, gas processing plants and gas treatment volley emissions from liquid of the gas line. Some new structural solutions separation equipment.
Keywords: associated gas, separation, demister, centrifugal element.

Investigation of speed liquid on rate of carbonic acid corrosion
Vojtech N.D.,
Candidate of Technical Sciences, L. Researcher
Zhuravlev Yu.A., Researcher
Batulin D.A., Researcher
NIPIgaspererabotka (Krasnaya st., 118 Krasnodar, 350000, Russian Federation)
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ABSTRACT
The rate of corrosion of carbon and low alloy steels affect the carbon dioxide concentration in water, pressure and temperature process. In assessing the impact velocity on the corrosion rate shows the need to consider the specific work environments, in particular the specific carbon acid corrosion. The quantitative indicators of changes in corrosion rate, depending on the speed of the fluid in the pipe. To improve reliability of operation is recommended to carry out lines define the rate of corrosion in corrosive cell simultaneously by two methods — a gravimetric (weight change on metallic samples), and, for example, electrochemical (linear polarization resistance method LPR).
Keywords: carbon acid corrosion, pipeline, corrosion cell, gravimetric method, electrochemical method.

PATENTS

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КОНТАКТЫ

Индекс: 119313
Москва, улица Гарибальди, д. 4Г
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