CONTENTS of journal "OIL & GAS CHEMISTRY" 1-2·2021 (Russia)

ANNIVERSARIES

УДК 54:92
DOI:10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-5-7
HONORED MENDELEEVETS, THE FAMOUS SCIENTIST AND EXPLORER (P. 5-7)
Shkerina T.I.
Publishing House Ltd OBRAKADEMNAUKA, 119313, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
For citation: Shkerina T.I. HONORED MENDELEEVETS, THE FAMOUS SCIENTIST AND EXPLORER. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 5–7.

DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

УДК 547.211; 661.961
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-8-11
THE POTENTIAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY AND POSSIBLE CONSEQUENCES OF ITS IMPLEMENTATION (P. 8-11)
Arutyunov V.S.1,2,3, Strekova L.N.1
1N.N. Semenov Federal Research Center for Chemical Physics Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0339-0297, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9987-5963, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432, Moscow region, Chernogolovka, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0339-0297, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
3Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0339-0297, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The decades-long increase in the average temperature of the Earth's surface, which is associated with anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases, primarily CO2, into the atmosphere, is stimulating interest in the wider use of "carbon-free" energy sources, in particular, hydrogen. However, hydrogen is not a primary source of energy, but only an energy carrier, and the transition to "hydrogen energy" is associated not only with high capital and operating costs for its production, but also with significant additional consumption of fossil resources and, accordingly, additional CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. Therefore, the global environmental and economic impact of such a transition is not obvious.
KEYWORDS: climate change, hydrogen, hydrogen energy, hydrogen production technologies.
For citation: Arutyunov V.S., Strekova L.N. THE POTENTIAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY AND POSSIBLE CONSEQUENCES OF ITS IMPLEMENTATION. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 8–11.
Acknowledgments: This work was performed within the framework of the Program of Fundamental Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences on the research issue of FRCCP RAS № 0082-2019-0014 (State reg. AAAA-A20-120020590084-9) and the research issue of IPCP RAS № 0089-2019-0018 (State reg. АААА-А19-119022690098-3).

УДК 661.96; 621.6.028
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-12-16
TECHNOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF TRANSPORTATION OF METHANE-HYDROGEN MIXTURE THROUGH THE NORD STREAM-2 PIPELINE (P. 12-16)
Sokolinskiy YU.A., Sosna M.KH., Galikeeva L.R.
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 119991, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9609-1055, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
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ABSTRACT
To assess the prospects for the development of gas chemistry in the field of technology for the production of commercial hydrogen from natural gas, the analysis of the dependence of the maximum throughput capacity of one of the branches of the Nord Stream-2 pipeline depending on the content of hydrogen in the transported methane-hydrogen mixture was performed. The analysis is based on the developed simplified model of the hydrodynamic calculation of the Nord Stream-2 natural gas transportation pipeline taking into account the limitations on its operation parameters. The results of the calculations give opportunity to formulate requirements for the method of production of a methane-hydrogen mixture from natural gas and determine the unit capacity of an industrial unit.
KEYWORDS: hydrogen transporting, methane-hydrogen mixture, hydrodynamic calculation, gas pipeline performance, gas pipeline technical indicators.
For citation: Sokolinskiy YU.A., Sosna M.KH., Galikeeva L.R. TECHNOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF TRANSPORTATION OF METHANE-HYDROGEN MIXTURE THROUGH THE NORD STREAM-2 PIPELINE. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 12–16.


УДК 66.086
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-17-21
THE STUDY OF METHODS FOR THE RESEARCH OF CARBON NANOTUBES (P. 17-21)
Gubareva A.A., Kryuchkov M.V.  
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3207-9011, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1312-2886, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
When studying carbon nanotubes leads to the main problem occurs that accompanies the research of experimental character. It consists of the following: The new material has dimensions comparable to atomic ones, and in order to estimate them, methods with ultra-high spatial resolution are needed. These methods are transmission electron microscopy, scanning tunneling and atomic force microscopy with atomic resolution, and each method is applicable only among a certain range of nanotube diameters and is not informative for all nanomaterials as a whole. This paper studies the methods for research of carbon nanotubes.
KEYWORDS: carbon nanotubes, microscopy, study of the structures, nanostructures.
For citation: Gubareva A.A., Kryuchkov M.V. THE STUDY OF METHODS FOR THE RESEARCH OF CARBON NANOTUBES. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 17–21.

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS

УДК 66.092.097 + 674.8
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-22-28
HYDRODEOXYGENATION OF PLANT ORIGIN RAW MATERIALS (P. 22-28)
Topolyuk YU.A.1, Nekhaev A.I.2, Zasypalov G.O.1
1Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1460-5508, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
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2A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis of the RAS, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1358-743X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Currently, the processing of processing bio-raw materials into fuels and valuable chemical products have good prospects. Thermochemical conversion of lignocellulose biomass to biofuels, various catalysts and carriers for the process of hydrodeoxygenation of bio-oil are considered.
KEYWORDS: bio-raw materials, catalytic fast pyrolysis, hydrodeoxygenation.
For citation: Topolyuk Y.A., Nekhaev A.I., Zasypalov G.O. HYDRODEOXYGENATION OF PLANT ORIGIN RAW MATERIALS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 22–28.
Acknowledgments: The work was performed within the state Task of the A.V. Topchiev Institute of petrochemical synthesis of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

УДК 621.592, 66.048.3.069.833
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-29-32
ANALYSIS AND WAYS OF MODERNIZING THE PRODUCTION OF LIQUEFIED HELIUM AT THE ORENBURG HELIUM PLANT (P. 29-32)
Golubeva I.A., Lebedeva M.A.
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0730-685X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5885-5736, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The technological analysis of the helium liquefaction plant was carried out, forming a single technologically connected structure for the production and shipment of liquid helium, with its subsequent transportation to consumers, in order to identify technological limitations and further improvement. The ways of modernization of helium production are proposed: reconstruction of a rectification column in order to increase the yield of ethane fraction and production of liquefied natural gas. The economic and technological effect of modernization is analyzed.
KEYWORDS: Helium, Orenburg helium plant, installation, cycle, technology, calculation.
For citation: Golubeva I.A., Lebedeva M.A. ANALYSIS AND WAYS OF MODERNIZING THE PRODUCTION OF LIQUEFIED HELIUM AT THE ORENBURG HELIUM PLANT. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 29–32.

УДК 66.062
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-33-36
ANALYSIS OF MODERN RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IN ARCTIC CONDITIONS (P. 33-36)
Gimaeva A.R.1, Khasanov I.I.2
1Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, 420008, Kazan, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7546-406X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3422-1237, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
At present, natural gas is primarily an energy raw material. At the same time, more and more of it is sent for processing. Chemical processing of natural gas can become one of the strategic tasks that will allow Russia to give impetus to the creation of fundamentally new domestic technologies. One of the topical areas is the production of liquefied natural gas. The article discusses the technologies for obtaining liquefied natural gas, analyzes what technologies are currently used for the production of liquefied natural gas in the Arctic.
KEYWORDS: liquefied natural gas, technology, arctic conditions, field.
For citation: Gimaeva A.R., Khasanov I.I. ANALYSIS OF MODERN RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN TECHNOLOGIES FOR PRODUCING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IN ARCTIC CONDITIONS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 33–36.

УДК 665.7.03
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-37-42
AQUATHERMOLYSIS OF HIGH-VISCOSITY OIL OF THE YAREGSKY FIELD IN THE PRESENCE OF COMPONENTS OF ROCK-FORMING MINERALS (P. 37-42)
Kiekbaev A.A., Vakhin A.V.
Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, 420008, Kazan, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript., E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
In this work, the aquathermolysis of high-viscosity oil from the Yaregsky field in the presence of rock-forming minerals and the catalytic effect of clay rocks for enhanced oil recovery were studied. The results obtained show that the mineral part of the rocks displays a good catalytic effect, confirmed by a significant decrease in viscosity.
KEYWORDS: heavy oil, rock-forming minerals, thermal-stream exposure, viscosity of oil.
For citation: Kiekbaev A.A., Vakhin A.V. AQUATHERMOLYSIS OF HIGH-VISCOSITY OIL OF THE YAREGSKY FIELD IN THE PRESENCE OF COMPONENTS OF ROCK-FORMING MINERALS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 37–42.

УДК 547.841
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-43-46
INCREASE IN THE SELECTIVITY OF 4,4-DIMETHYL-1,3-DIOXANE FORMATION ACCORDING TO THE PRINS REACTION IN THE PRESENCE OF A AND X TYPES ZEOLITES (P. 43-46)
Ovchinnikov G.A., Tukhvatshin V.S., Talipova G.R.
Bashkir State University, 450076, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000–0003-3780–7492, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000–0001-6272–0706, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000–0003-0627–8524, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The results on an increase in the selectivity of the formation of 4,4-dimethyl-1,3- dioxane (DMD) from formaldehyde and 2-methylpropene in the presence of type A and X types zeolites are presented. zeolite and the ratio of reagents. It was shown that the highest (up to 94–96%) selectivity for the formation of the target DMD is achieved at he reaction of aqueous formaldehyde with 2-methylpropene in the presence of phosphoric acid and synthetic zeolites under the following conditions: reaction time (150–180 min), reaction temperature (70–80 °C), the content of phosphoric acid (5–6 wt.%) аnd NaA zeolite (5–6 wt. %), the ratio of reagents (i-C4H8/CH2O = 1: 2).
KEYWORDS: formaldehyde, 2-methylpropene, Prins reaction, 4,4-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane, isoprene.
For citation: Ovchinnikov G.A., Tukhvatshin V.S., Talipova G.R. INCREASE IN THE SELECTIVITY OF 4,4-DIMETHYL-1,3-DIOXANE FORMATION ACCORDING TO THE PRINS REACTION IN THE PRESENCE OF A AND X TYPES ZEOLITES. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1–2, pp. 43–46.

УДК 66.014, 661.719.2
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-47-49
DETERMINATION OF THE CONTENT OF SULFUR COMPOUNDS IN THE SEMI-COKING PRODUCTS OF OIL SHALE (P. 47-49)
Akchurina A.R.
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6524-9753, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The work is devoted to the study of the composition of sulfur compounds in oil shale tar of the Volzhsky basin. The paper proposes a method for determining the content of mercaptan sulfur and hydrogen sulfide in resin, as well as it presents the results of the experiments, and also presents graphs of the distribution of mercaptan sulfur by fractions of shale tar.
KEYWORDS: oil shale, shale resin, sulfur compounds, thiophene, mercaptan sulfur, hydrogen sulfide.
For citation: Akchurina A.R. DETERMINATION OF THE CONTENT OF SULFUR COMPOUNDS IN THE SEMI-COKING PRODUCTS OF OIL SHALE. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 47–49.

УДК 665.7.032.57
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-50-53
DETERMINATION OF TOTAL NITROGEN IN THE PYROLYSIS RESIN OF THE PERELYUBSKOYE SHALE DEPOSIT (P. 50-53)
Kovaleva D.A., Pavlovskiy V.V., Kozlov A.M., Karpov A.B., Semeykina A.D.
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0870-2851, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4585-2245, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4717-9725, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3644-1783, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1737-8993, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The paper presents the results of determining the total nitrogen in the fractions of fractional distillation of the pyrolysis resin of the Perelyubskoye shale deposit. The published data of these indicators allow us to reasonably suggest further ways of using narrow fractions of shale resin. A special feature of this work is the use of atmospheric-vacuum distillation of resin into narrow fractions with further determination of the total nitrogen content by the Duma’s method, rather than automated CHNS analyzers, which significantly reduces the determination error when working with inhomogeneous samples. Also, the simulated distillation method (SimDist) with registration of nitrogen content is not used in the work due to the ambiguity of the linearity of the selective nitrogen detector (SND) in the analysis of heavy heteroatomic nitrogen-containing compounds. Based on the results obtained, conclusions are drawn about the feasibility of measuring these indicators for their further use in the case of processing pyrolysis resins in hydraulic processes.
KEYWORDS: Pyrolysis resins, determination of total nitrogen, Duma’s method, oil shale, Perelyubskoye field.
For citation: Kovaleva D.A., Pavlovskiy V.V., Kozlov A.M., Karpov A.B., Semeykina A.D. DETERMINATION OF TOTAL NITROGEN IN THE PYROLYSIS RESIN OF THE PERELYUBSKOYE SHALE DEPOSIT. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 50–53.

УДК 665.7.038.64
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-54-58
APPLICATION OF POUR POINT DEPRESSANTS FOR REGULATING THE RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF HIGH-PARAFFIN OILS (P. 54-58)
Luzhetskiy A.V., Nugaev S.T., Churilova A.S., Arakelyan S.S.
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0145-3509, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5046-416X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0175-8601, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0918-6660, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
This article discusses the use of pour point depressants(PPD)of alkyl(meth)acrylates for regulating the rheological properties of high-paraffin oils. Physical and chemical studies of oil were carried out, and the molecular mass distribution of paraffins was determined. It is shown that one of the criteria for effective operation of the PPD alkyl(meth)acrylates is the size of the side chain.It has been found that when alkyl(meth)acrylates are added to oil, the viscosity of the system at the pour point is different for each additive.
KEYWORDS: pour point depressants; oil transportation; rheological characteristics of oil; physical and chemical characteristics of oil.
For citation: Luzhetskiy A.V., Nugaev S.T., Churilova A.S., Arakelyan S.S. APPLICATION OF POUR POINT DEPRESSANTS FOR REGULATING THE RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF HIGH-PARAFFIN OILS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 54–58.

УДК 550.4.02
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-59-63
DETERMINATION OF PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF CRUDE OIL (P. 59-63)
Lukashov S.V., Putsko T.V., Nozdracheva E.V.
I.G. Petrovsky Bryansk State University, 241036, Bryansk, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2266-782, Е-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8267-0862, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4061-7868, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The aim of this work was to describe principles and methodology for determining physical and chemical parameters of crude oil. The chemical composition oil and oil systems were considered on specific examples. The principles of the choice of physico-chemical methods of complex analysis of crude oil, including the determination of the concentration of hydrogen sulfide, sulfur and chlorides, the density of crude oil, the determination of the yield of the fraction of crude oil boiling to 300 °C, the quantitative content of mechanical impurities and water in various samples of crude oil, are justified. Experimental studies have been carried out to determine main physical, chemical and technological parameters of crude oil. In studied oil samples, concentrations of hydrogen sulfide, sulfur and chlorides were determined, density crude oil was investigated in temperature range of 15–20 °C, and yield fraction crude oil boiling up to 300 °C was determined. The quantitative content of mechanical impurities and water in various samples of crude oil was studied. The linear dependence of the component composition of crude oil is analyzed using mathematical statistics. A functional relationship has been established between oil density indicators and mass fractions sulfur, hydrogen sulfide, and yield fraction boiling up 300 °C. Based on obtained results calculating correlation coefficients, parameters of regression equation and residual variance were determined. The calculated data were used as the basis for estimating the significance of the coefficients by calculating confidence intervals. By comparing practically determined and theoretical values of F-criterion, it was concluded that hypothesis linearity between main technological parameters crude oil was confirmed. The described approach to the complex determination of physical and chemical parameters of crude oil makes it possible to simplify the course of analysis, and can also be used for the classification of oils.
KEYWORDS: oil, oil systems, component composition, correlation dependence, correlation coefficient, chlorides, oil fractions.
For citation: Lukashov S.V., Putsko T.V., Nozdracheva E.V. DETERMINATION OF PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF CRUDE OIL. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 59–63.

УДК 681.5
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-64-67
OPTIMIZATION OF THE COMBUSTION PROCESS IN TUBE FURNACES IN ORDER TO STABILIZE THE OPERATING MODE (P. 64-67)
Saprykina L.S., Osechkina A.A., Zuykov A.V.  
VNIPIneft JSC, 105005, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Tubular furnaces are the main devices providing the thermal regime of technological processes of oil refining, as well as the main consumer of fuel at the refinery. Thecompositionofthe fuel used depends on the amount supplied to the furnace, as well as the amount of harmful emissions into the atmosphere. The work is devoted to optimizing the combustion process in tube furnaces, as well as reducing fuel gas consumption and reducing harmful emissions, due to the application of a correction signal from the regulator for stabilizing the oxygen content in flue gases to the regulator of the fuel gas / airratio.
KEYWORDS: harmful emissions, nitrogen oxides; flue gases, air consumption coefficient, excessive fuel consumption, fuel combustion process, process furnaces, efficiency, fuel gas.
For citation: Saprykina L.S., Osechkina A.A., Zuykov A.V. OPTIMIZATION OF THE COMBUSTION PROCESS IN TUBE FURNACES IN ORDER TO STABILIZE THE OPERATING MODE. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 64–67.

УДК 547.912
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-68-71
CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES AND PARAMETERS OF HEAVY OILS (P. 68-71)
Kolchina G.YU.1, Movsumzade E.M.2,3, Movsumzade M.M.4, Gulmaliev A.M.5, Bakhtina A.YU.2
1Sterlitamak branch of the Bashkir State University,
453103, Sterlitamak, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2808-4827, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
3Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art)117997, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
4Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU), 166 36, Prague, Czech Republic
5A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis of the RAS, 119991, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The first deposits of heavy oils and regions are presented, which are distinguished by individual deposits rich in hydrocarbon raw materials of a solid structure. The paper presents the results of calculations of linear and aromatic components of high-viscosity and some heavy oils. The calculations were performed using the method of hybrid density functional ВЗLYP/6-31G (d,p).
KEYWORDS: Tebuk and Yarega oils, quantum chemical calculation, geometric and electronic structure, chemical and physical parameters of constituent oils.
For citation: Kolchina G.YU., Movsumzade E.M., Movsumzade M.M., Gulmaliev A.M., Bakhtina A.YU. Characteristic properties and parameters of heavy oils. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 68–71.
Acknowledgments: The reported study was funded by RFBR ac- cording to the research project No 19-29-07471 mk.

KINETICS AND CATALYSIS

УДК 665.632:544.47:544.344:547.52
DOI: 10.24411/2310-8266-2021-1-2-72-77
PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF ZINCALUMOSILICATES WITH A MICRO-MESOPOROUS STRUCTURE AND THEIR ACTIVITY IN THE COURSE OF PROPANE AROMATIZATION (P. 72-77)
Vosmerikov A.A.1, Vosmerikova L.N.1, Barbashin Y.E.1, Vosmerikov A.V.1, Romanova E.V.2
1Institute of Petroleum Chemistry SB RAS, 634055, Tomsk, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2876-8647, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9436-6147, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4616-0918, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7569-0902, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2National Research Тomsk State University, 634050, Тomsk, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7467-6626, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
This paper presents the results of studies on the effect of the second template (carbon black) on the textural, acidic, and catalytic properties of Zn-aluminosilicates with the MFI zeolite structure during the conversion of propane into aromatic hydrocarbons. The analysis by the method of thermoprogrammed ammonia desorption has revealed that the concentration of acidic sites of the resulted zeolite increased with an increase in the amount of carbon black added during the synthesis of zeolite. It was shown that the addition of carbon black to the crystallization gel during the synthesis of zinc aluminosilicate led to an increase in its total pore volume resulted from an increase in the volume of mesopores. The amount of coke deposits formed on the surface of zinc aluminosilicates during the propane aromatization reaction was determined by the method of differential thermal analysis. It has been found out that the optimal ratio between the number of active sites of the catalyst and the volume of formed mesopores was achieved over a zinc aluminosilicate prepared on the basis of a zeolite with the addition of 1.0% carbon black at the stage of its synthesis. This led to a decrease in the rate of coke formation and thus, to an increase in the catalyst stability.
KEYWORDS: propane, aromatic hydrocarbons, zinc aluminosilicate, template, acidity, micro-mesoporous structure.
For citation: Vosmerikov A.A., Vosmerikova L.N., Barbashin Y.E., Vosmerikov A.V., Romanova E.V. PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF ZINCALUMOSILICATES WITH A MICRO-MESOPOROUS STRUCTURE AND THEIR ACTIVITY IN THE COURSE OF PROPANE AROMATIZATION. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 72–77.
Acknowledgments: The reported study was funded by RFBR, project number 19-33-90052.

УДК 544.422
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-78-81
STUDY OF THE KINETICS OF THE AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS HYDROGENATION OF UNSTABLE OILS ON PLATINUM CATALYSTS (P. 78-81)
Lebedev I.V., Golubeva I.A.
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8476-3774, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0730-685X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The specific features of the aromatic hydrocarbons hydrogenation are analyzed. The orders of the reaction by components were determined. The apparent and true activation energies of hydrogenation, the heat of hydrogen adsorption and the apparent reaction rate constant are calculated. Optimal conditions for the hydrogenation of unstable oils are proposed.
KEYWORDS: Hydrogenation, reaction order, activation energy, rate constant, heat of adsorption, Ridil-Eli mechanism.
For citation: Lebedev I.V., Golubeva I.A. STUDY OF THE KINETICS OF THE AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS HYDROGENATION OF UNSTABLE OILS ON PLATINUM CATALYSTS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 78–81.

УДК 544.478
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-82-88
THE USE OF SULFURIC ACID CATALYSTS FROM LIGNIN AND ITS DERIVATIVES (P. 82-88)
Karimov O.KH.1, Teptereva G.А.2, Flid V.R.1, Movsumzade E.M.2, 3, Karimov E.KH.4
1MIREA – Russian Technological University, 119454, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0383-4268, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6559-5648, Е-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2328-6761, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
3Kosygin Russian State University (Technology. Design. Art) 117997, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7267-1351, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
4Sterlitamak branch of Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
453118, Sterlitamak, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4224-4586, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article describes examples of the use of sulfuric acid catalysts obtained from lignin and its derivatives (linosulfonates, alkaline lignin, kraft lignin) in organic and petrochemical synthesis reactions. Comparative characteristics of the preparation conditions and catalytic properties of samples in the reactions of saccharide hydrolysis, monosaccharide dehydration, olefin hydration, esterification and transesterification are presented.
KEYWORDS: lignin, lignosulfonate, catalyst, hydrolysis, dehydration, esterification.
For citation: Karimov O.KH., Teptereva G.А., Flid V.R., Movsumzade E.M., Karimov E.KH. THE USE OF SULFURIC ACID CATALYSTS FROM LIGNIN AND ITS DERIVATIVES. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 82–88.
Acknowledgments: This work was supported by the grant "University for young scientists RTU MIREA". Topic "New nanostructured carbon carriers and sorbents from lignosulfonates for heterogeneous catalysis and ecology".

УДК 544.478
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-89-93
DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR PREPARING A CATALYST FOR HYDROTREATING PETROLEUM OILS (P. 89-93)
Golubeva I.A., Lebedev I.V.
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0730-685X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8476-3774, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Various methods of preparing catalysts for hydrotreating petroleum oils have been investigated. A number of catalyst samples were prepared with the deposition of various platinum group metals. The activity of the catalysts was analyzed under the conditions of hydrogenation of the model feedstock. An optimal composition and method for preparing a catalyst for hydrotreating petroleum oils are proposed.
KEYWORDS: hydrotreating, petroleum oils, catalyst, dendrimer.
For citation: Golubeva I.A., Lebedev I.V. DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR PREPARING A CATALYST FOR HYDROTREATING PETROLEUM OILS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 89–93.

OUR VETERANS

УДК 355/359:351.856.1
DOI: 10.24412/2310-8266-2021-1-2-94-96
DAY OF WAR GLORY OF RUSSIA (P. 94-96)
Shkerina T.I.
Publishing House Ltd OBRAKADEMNAUKA, 119313, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
For citation: Shkerina T.I. DAY OF WAR GLORY OF RUSSIA. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2021, no. 1-2, pp. 94–96.

 

 

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