CONTENTS of journal "OIL & GAS CHEMISTRY" 3-4·2019 (Russia)

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS

ON THE USE OF METHANE-HYDROGEN MIXTURES IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES (P. 5-17)
Vladimir S. Arutyunov1,2,3, Andrey A. Belyaev1, Kirill YA. Troshin1, Artem V. Arutyunov1, Aleksey A. Tsarenko1, Aleksey V. Nikitin1,2
1N.N. Semenov Federal Research Center for Chemical Physics Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0339-0297, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6715-1776, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2205-5742, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2980-0186, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
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2Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432, Moscow region, Chernogolovka, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0339-0297,
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ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8236-3854,
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
3Faculty of Fundamental Physical and Chemical Engineering, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0339-0297,
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
It is shown that the effect of hydrogen additives on the self-ignition of methane is complex and strongly depends on the conditions of the process. The ambiguous effect of hydrogen concentration on the self-ignition of methane-hydrogen mixtures casts doubt on the practical feasibility of using such mixtures as a benchmark for determining the detonation characteristics of gas fuels. In this regard, the question of the possibility of determining the detonation characteristics of gas fuels on the basis of kinetic modeling of their ignition in a real engine is of great importance.
KEYWORDS: methane, hydrogen, self-ignition delay, internal combustion engines, methane number, octane number.
For citation: Arutyunov V.S., Belyaev A.A., Troshin K.YА., Arutyunov A.V., Tsarenko A.A., Nikitin A.V. ON THE USE OF METHANE-HYDROGEN
MIXTURES IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2018, no. 3-4, pp. 5–17.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10401
Acknowledgments: This work was performed within the framework of the Programs of Fundamental Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences of FRCCP RAS, theme number 47.16, and of IPCP RAS, theme number 0089-2019-0018.

MAGNETIC FIELD INFLUENCE ON THE RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF HEAVY HIGHLY VISCOUS OILS (P. 18-22)
Alexander YU. Leontyev1, Olga YU. Poletaeva1, Ruslan A. Shakirov1,
Ilnur I. Khasanov1, Elbey R. Babaev2
1Ufa state petroleum technological university, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3363-6841, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9602-0051, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1641-588X, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3422-1237, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Academician A.M. Guliyev Institute of Chemistry of AdditivesNational Academy of Sciencesof Azerbaijan, AZ1029, Baku, Azerbaidjan Republic
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7614-4797, Е-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The effect of magnetic field on heavy highly viscous oils was investigated in this work. Modern theories were given explaining the influence of magnetic processing on oils. Studies of magnetic field influence on oil at various stages during its production and transportation were considered. Experiments were carried out in which were studied dependence of the viscosity changes from the duration of the magnetic field exposure was studied. The objects of research were highly viscous oils of the Volga-Ural oil and gas basin with viscosity over 2200 mPa•s and density above 900 m3/kg. During the study, the oil flow curves were taken both during direct heating with a step of 10 °C, the dependence of the dynamic viscosity on temperature was constructed, so the oil flow curves after magnetic fieldexposure. It was established the effect of temperature on the oil samples viscosity during direct heating and magnetic fieldinfluence. Experiments have shown that oil under magnetic influence changes its rheological properties depending on the treatment time.Perhaps in the process of treatment a new dispersed oil system is formed, which can not only improve the rheological properties, but also worsen them.
KEYWORDS: paraffin, asphaltene-resin-paraffin deposits, magnetic treatment, highly viscous heavy oils, direct heating, dispersed oil system, flow curves, magnetic treatment.
For citation: Leontyev A.YU., Poletaeva O.YU., Shakirov R.A., Khasanov I.I., Babaev E.R. MAGNETIC FIELD INFLUENCE ON THE RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF HEAVY HIGHLY VISCOUS OILS. Oil & Gas Cheуmistry. 2019, no. 2, pp. 18–22.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10402
Acknowledgments: The reported study was funded by RFBR according to the research project N18-55-06018.

PROSPECTS FOR THE USE OF SYNTHESIS GAS TO MAINTAIN RESERVOIR PRESSURE IN OIL PRODUCTION (P. 23-25)
Kirill A. Ovchinnikov, Yuriy P. Borisevich, Olga S. Troshina,
Maksim P. Maslov
Samara State Technical University, 443100, Samara, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9298-3475,
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ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3384-1634, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4454-0928,
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ABSTRACT
Reorienting the existing production of conversion of associated gas to produce technical hydrogen (as a main product) and carbon dioxide (as a by-product) from the needs of the chemical and petrochemical industries to the needs of the oil industry will not only expand the existing hydrogen market, but finally introduce , in the Russian Federation a fundamentally new kind of cycling process that does not have world analogues; and will also contribute to faster implementation of the well-known Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on the level of associated gas utilization in the amount of at least 95%.
KEYWORDS: gas synthesis, reservoir pressure maintenance, cycling process.
For citation: Ovchinnikov K.A., Borichevich YU.P., Troshina O.S, Maslov M.P. PROSPECTS FOR THE USE OF SYNTHESIS GAS TO MAINTAIN RESERVOIR PRESSURE DURING OIL PRODUCTION. Oil & Gas Cheуmistry. 2019, no. 3, pp. 23–25.
DOI: 10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10403

OVERVIEW OF METHANOL SYNTHESIS REACTORS AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS (P. 26-30)
Alina R. Gimaeva, Ilnur I. Khasanov
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
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ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3422-1237, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
At present, natural and associated petroleum gas are primarily energy raw materials. Chemical processing of natural and associated petroleum gas may become one of the most important strategic tasks, which will provide an impetus for the creation of new modern technologies. One of the directions for processing hydrocarbon gas is the production of methanol, which is one of the most important large-scale products of organic synthesis. The article discusses methods for producing synthesis gas necessary for the production of methanol. The most common methods for producing synthesis gas that are widely used in industry are given. A review of existing and developing methanol synthesis reactors is also given, their characteristics, schemes and features of the principle of their operation are studied.
KEYWORDS: natural gas, methanol, reactor, design, methanol synthesis.
For citation: Gimaeva A.R., Khasanov I.I. OVERVIEW OF METHANOL SYNTHESIS REACTORS AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2018, no. 4, pp. 26–30.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10404

FEATURES OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SYNTHESIS FISCHERTROPSCH PROCESS IN RADIAL REACTORS (P. 31-34)
Annа A. Kononenko, Michael KH. Sosna
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ABSTRACT
The article discusses the possibility of creating the production of base oils on the basis of GTL technology in Russia. The analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of radial reactors. A number of technological requirements that must be met by a radial reactor are considered. The main tasks of conducting the process in a stationary mode of operation for radial Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reactors are analyzed. On the basis of the data obtained, recommendations were given for their application in Russia.
KEYWORDS: base oils, GTL process, synthesis gas, technology of Fischer-Tropsch, radial reactor, analysis, stationary process.
For citation: Kononenko A.A., Sosna M.KH. FEATURES OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SYNTHESIS FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS IN RADIAL REACTORS. Oil & Gas Chemistry.
2019, no. 3-4, pp. 31–34.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10405

PRODUCTS OF WOOD PROCESSING AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS (P. 35-40)
Irina A. Chetvertneva1, Oleg KH. Karimov2,
Galina A. Teptereva2, Rustem A. Ismakov2
1 LLC SBM Service Center, 119330, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6798-0205,
E-mail:Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2 Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0383-4268,
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ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2328-6761, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7544-922X,
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article considers wood processing products as an alternative source of industrially sought-after hydrocarbons. The structures of the isolated biopolymers such as cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and its modifications are described. Shown are the ways of transforming natural polymers obtained from wood processing into valuable products – low molecular weight substances, monomers, polymeric materials, fuel.
KEYWORDS: cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin, lignosulfonates, biofuels, hydrocarbons.
For citation: Chetvertneva I.A., Karimov O.KH., Teptereva G.A., Ismakov R.A. PRODUCTS OF WOOD PROCESSING AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 3-4, pp. 35–40.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10406

INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF METHANOL PRODUCTION BY SIMPLE METHODS OF UTILIZATION OF PURGE GAS (P. 41-45)
Michael KН. Sosna, Kirill A. Zavolokin, Anastasia A. Khamanova
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 119991, Moscow, Russia
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ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5551-583, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
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ABSTRACT
The object of the study is simple methods of processing purge gases of largecapacity methanol production, increasing the efficiency of the plant. There were investigated the factors influencing the production of the main product, such as the amount of catalyst in the methanol synthesis column and the multiplicity of circulation. Variants of application of membrane devices of separation of gases for the purpose of decrease of functional of purge gases are considered. The technical possibility of obtaining pure hydrogen from purge gases by means of a short-cycle adsorption unit is also considered. Based on the exergy analysis of the considered methods, a method of combined utilization of purge gases is proposed, which increases the efficiency of the plant by producing additional methanol and pure hydrogen.
KEYWORDS: methanol, methanol production, methanol synthesis, synthesis gas, purge gases, purge gas utilization, circulating methanol production scheme, cascade methanol production scheme, natural gas conversion, exergy analysis, polymer asymmetric membranes, hydrogen production, short cycle adsorption.
For citation: Sosna M.KН., Zavolokin K.A., Khamanova A.A. INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF METHANOL PRODUCTION BY SIMPLE METHODS OF UTILIZATION OF PURGE GAS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 3-4, pp. 41–45.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10407

KINETICS AND CATALYSIS

FEATURES OF PROPANE AROMATIZATION OVER ON Zn-PENTASILS, SYNTHESIZED USING VARIOUS STRUCTURE-FORMING ADDITIVES (P. 46-52)
Anton A. Vosmerikov1, Vladimir I. Zaykovskiy2, Lyudmila N. Vosmerikova1, Yakov E. Barbashin1, Alexander V. Vosmerikov1
1Institute of Petroleum Chemistry SB RAS, 634055, Tomsk, Russia
ORCID: 0000-0003-2876-8647, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: 0000-0002-9436-6147, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: 0000-0003-4616-0918, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: 0000-0002-7569-0902, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia
ORCID: 0000-0001-6590-7242, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
This paper presents the results of an investigation of effect of the nature of a structure former on physico-chemical and catalytic properties of Zn-aluminosilicates of the MFI structural type during the conversion of propane into aromatic hydrocarbons. Using the method of thermoprogrammed desorption of ammonia, data are obtained on the acidic characteristics of zinc aluminum silicates. It is established that the catalysts differ from each other by the distribution and ratio of acidic centers of different types. The structure of zinc-containing catalysts is investigated via high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. It is found out that the use of structure-forming agents of different types for the synthesis resulted in the formation of zeolite particles of different morphology. The method of differential thermal analysis was used to determine the amount of coke deposits formed on the surface of zinc aluminum silicates during the course of the propane aromatization reaction. The dependence of the activity and selectivity of catalytic systems, obtained using various structure-forming additives, on their physicochemical properties is shown. It is found out that a zinc aluminum silicate manufactured using ammonium bicarbonate as a template exhibits the highest aromatization activity in the course of propane conversion, while the sample synthesized with hexamethylenediamine is characterized by maximum stability.
KEYWORDS: propane, aromatic hydrocarbons, zinc aluminum silicate, structurant, template, crystals, active centers, acidity.
For citation: Vosmerikov A.A., Zaykovskiy V.I., Vosmerikova L.N., Barbashin YA.E., Vosmerikov A.V. FEATURES OF PROPANE AROMATIZATION OVER ON Zn-PENTASILS, SYNTHESIZED USING VARIOUS STRUCTURE-FORMING ADDITIVES. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 3-4, pp. 46–52.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10408
Acknowledgments: The reported study was funded by RFBR, project number 19-33-90052.
 
CHEMISTRY AND DYNAMICS OF SURFACE COKING DURING HETEROGENICALLY CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF ETHANOL AND DME (P. 53-60)
Anton L. Maksimov, Valentin F. Tretyakov, Rashid M. Talyshinskiy
A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9297-4950, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8891-0866, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3178-6440, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The specifics of coking the surface of the catalysts on zinc, magnesium, aluminium and silicon oxides in the conversion processes of ethanol and dimethyl ether (DME) have been studied. It has been established on the basis of thermodynamic calculations and kinetic experiment that the coking chemismus of the wasp is more developed through methane, the probability of which is much higher in the case of DME. The results obtained are confirmed by the SEM method and atomic adsorption study of the catalyst surface after the reaction cycle. Invention proposes dynamic bases for evaluation of surface coking of heterogeneous catalyst.
KEYWORDS: catalyst, ethanol, dimethyl ether, thermodynamics, kinetics, microscopy, atomic adsorption method, dynamics, coking.
For citation: Maksimov A.L., Tretyakov V.F., Talyshinsky R.M. CHEMISTRY AND DYNAMICS OF SURFACE COKING IN THE PROCESS OF HETERO-GENEOUS-CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF ETHANOL AND DME. Oil & Gas Cheуmistry. 2019, no. 3-4, pp. 53 - 60.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10409
Acknowledgments: The work was carried out within the framework of the State Task of TIPS RAS.
Conflict of interest: Co-author Maximov A.L. claims to be the editor-in-chief of Neftekhimiya journal, while other authors have no conflict of interest.

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

DEVELOPMENT OF POLYSTYRENE: FROM DISCOVERY TO PRODUCTION (P. 61-63)
Eduard KH. Karimov1, Oleg KH. Karimov2
1Branch of Ufa State Oil Technical University in Sterlitamak, 453118, Sterlitamak, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4224-4586,
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0383-4268,
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article presents a historical review of the discovery of one of the most common synthetic polymers – polystyrene. The main stages of the study of polymer chemistry in the period from the end of the XVIII century to the beginning of the 20th century are reflected. The first polystyrene production technologies are described.
KEYWORDS: polystyrene, styrene, polymerization.
For citation: Karimov E.KH., Karimov O.KH. DEVELOPMENT OF POLYSTYRENE: FROM DISCOVERY TO PRODUCTION. Oil & Gas Che.mistry. 2019, no. 3-4, pp. 61–63.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10410

PLASMA CHEMISTRY. THE FOUNDATIONAND APPLICATION (P. 64-67)
Anna S. Manukyan, Vladimir V. Rybkin
Ivanovo State University of Chemical Technology, 153000, Ivanovo, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3944-3282,
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7295-7803, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
A historical overview of the concept of plasma and plasma chemistry is given. Basic definitions of the plasma state are presented. Specific features of the plasma, methods for obtaining and areas of application of plasma chemistryare considered.
KEYWORDS: plasma, plasma chemistry, gas discharges, electrons, ions, quasineutrality.
For citation: Manukyan A.S., Rybkin V.V. PLASMA CHEMISTRY. THE FOUNDATIONAND APPLICATION. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 3-4, pp. 64–67.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10411

List of the articles published in Oil & Gas Chemistry journal in 2019 (P. 68-69)

 

 

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