CONTENTS of journal "OIL & GAS CHEMISTRY" 1·2019 (Russia)


DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY: COURSE ADJUSTMENT  (P. 5-10)
Oleg B. Braginsky
Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, 117418, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: 0000–0003–0478–0043, Email: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
An approach to adjust the prospects for the development of the Russian petrochemical industry for the period up to 2030 is proposed in the article. The influence of the following factors are under consideration: 1) slowdown in the growth of the Russian economy in the period of 2013–2018; 2) the need for the restructuring of the Russian petrochemical industry by focusing on the production of special-purpose polymers such as engineering plastics, composites, structural materials, polymers with special properties; 3) recycling of waste polymeric materials; 4) new China’s strategy as an independent manufacturer of a wide range of polymeric materials. Based on the above factors, the adjustment and timing of the largest Russian oil and gas chemical projects are recommended.
KEYWORDS: infrared burner, gas cooker.
For citation: Braginsky O.B. DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY: COURSE ADJUSTMENT // Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 5–10.
DOI:10.24411/2310–8266–2019–10101

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS

THE USE OF SYNTHETIC FISHER-TROPSH NAPHTA IN THE PROCESSES OF OBTAINING PRODUCTS OF PETROCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS  (P. 11-18)
Yuliya А. Topolyuk1, Andrey I. Nekhaev2
1 Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000–0002–1460–5508 E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
2 A.V.Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, RAS,119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000–0003–1358–743X, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The review presents an analysis of various options for converting naphtha into the Fischer-Tropsch process. The advantages and disadvantages of using synthetic naphtha as a raw material for oligomerization, metathesis, hydrogenation, isomerization, catalytic reforming, catalytic cracking and pyrolysis are presented. It is shown that in the implementation of the proposed options for the use of synthetic gasoline hydrocarbon fractions, it is possible to obtain basic petrochemical products that are not inferior in quality to similar products obtained from traditional petroleum raw materials.
KEYWORDS: Fischer–Tropsch synthesis, synthetic naphtha, oligomerization, metathesis, hydrofining, isomerization, catalytic reforming, catalytic cracking, pyrolysis, petrochemical synthesis.
For citation: Topolyuk Yu.A., Nekhaev A.I. THE USE OF SYNTHETIC FISHER-TROPSH NAPHTA IN THE PROCESSES OF OBTAINING PRODUCTS OF PETROCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS // Oil & Gas Cheуmistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 11–18.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10102
Acknowledgments: The work performed az part of the government assignment of A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochmical Synthesis RAS.
 
HEAVY, ULTRA-VISCOUS, BITUMINOUS, METAL-BEARING OILS AND OIL-BEARING SANDSTONES (P. 19-24)
Olga Yu. Poletaeva, Alexander Yu. Leontyev
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000–0002-9602–0051, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000–0003-3363–6841,
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ABSTRACT
The materials on the geography of heavy oil fields in Russia are presented. The analysis of different ways of demetallization is given. The structure of porphyrin metal complexes in oil and the most promising method of extracting metal porphyrins from oil – selective extraction by polar solvents are considered. The resource base of deposits is studied. It is given the analysis of the conditions of occurrence of deposits and physical and chemical properties of heavy oils and natural bitumen deposits in Russia.
KEYWORDS: heavy oil, natural bitumen, metal-bearing oil, demetallization, vanadium, metal porphyrins, hard-to-recover reserves.
For citation: Poletaeva O.Yu., Leontyev A.Yu. HEAVY, ULTRA-VISCOUS, BITUMINOUS, METAL-BEARING OILS AND OIL-BEARING SANDSTONES. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 19–24.
DOI: 10.24411/2310–8266-2019–10103

THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING DRILLING FLUIDS TO INCREASE THE EFFICIENCY OF OIL PRODUCTION  (P. 25-27)
Galina А. Teptereva1, Svetlana Yu. Shavshukova1, Irina A. Chetvertneva2,
1 Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
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2 ООО «Сервисный Центр СБМ», 119330, Москва, Россия
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ABSTRACT
The article deals with the historical aspects of the stages of creation and development of the method of regulation of drilling fluids properties, which consists in the management of chemical reagents, called chemical treatment of drilling fluids. In the process of drilling an oil well, the stability of its walls is violated, there is a danger of their collapse. To prevent the collapse, a special chemical reagents (humic acids, tannins, lignosulfonates) are introduced into the drilling fluid to ensure the stability of the technological parameters of the drilling process. The history of application of chemical reagents in the composition of drilling fluids is considered. The prospects of application of lignosulfonates – surfactants used as a raw material basis for the production of effective domestic reagents for oil-field chemistry are shown.
KEYWORDS: flushing fluids, drilling, chemicals, drilling mud, humic acid, lignosulfonates, tannins.
For citation: Teptereva G.A., Shavshukova S.Yu., Chetvertneva I.A. THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHEMICAL PROCESSING DRILLING FLUIDS TO INCREASE THE EFFCIENCY OF OIL PRODUCTION. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 25–27.
DOI:10.24411/2310–8266-2019–10104
 
STUDYING THE REACTION ABILITY OF SIXTICAL NITROGEN HETEROCYCLES IN ELECTROFILE-NUCLEOPHILIC REACTIONS (P. 28-34)
Galina Yu. Kolchina1, Nazrin Ch. Movsum-zade2, Anastasya Yu. Bakhtina3
1 Sterlitamak branch of the Bashkir State University,
453103, Sterlitamak, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2808-4827, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
2 Institute of information technology of NAS of Azerbaijan, AZ1141, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic
3 Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
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ABSTRACT
Methods B3LYP/6–31+G(d,p), MP2/6–31+G(d,p) and B3PW91/6–311++G(d,p) studied the structure and reactivity of six-membered heterocyclic compounds containing nitrogen atoms in the ring. The quantitative characteristics of the reactivity of azines are given. The thermodynamic characteristics of protonation reactions and the addition of the hydride anion to 1,2,3-, 1,2,4- and 1,3,5-triazines molecules were calculated.
KEYWORDS: pyridine, diazines, triazines, tetrazines, heterocyclic compounds, reactivity, thermodynamic parameters, hybrid density functional method, Meller-Plesset method.
For citation: Kolchina G.Yu., N.Ch. Movsum-zade, Bakhtina A.Yu. STUDYING THE REACTION ABILITY OF SIXTICAL NITROGEN HETEROCYCLES IN ELECTROFILE-NUCLEOPHILIC REACTIONS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 28–34.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10105

THE TEMPERATURE OF SEPARATION OF GAS PRODUCT MIXTURE AT CATALYTIC REFORMING UNITS (P. 35-38)
Firdavez G. Zhagfarov, Denis S. Khudyakov, Kirill N. Oshchehin
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: 0000-0002-7344-015X, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: 0000-0002-4617-8643, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: 0000-0001-5375-7355, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
Various methods to reduce temperature of gas product mixture of catalytic reforming at the entrance to the separator to increase reformate yield and improve energy efficiency of the unit are considered. Economic calculations, confirming the expediency of the proposed methods are presented.
KEYWORDS: catalytic reforming, temperature of separation, hydrogen-containing gas, hydrofining, air cooling apparatus, plate heat exchanger.
For citation: Zhagfarov F.G., Khudyakov D.S., Oshchehin K.N. THE TEMPERATURE OF SEPARATION OF GAS PRODUCT MIXTURE AT CATALYTIC REFORMING UNITS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 35–38. DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10106

STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF HOMOLYTICAL REACTIONS OF CYCLIC ACETALS (P. 39-43)
Albina V. Mamlieva, Natal'ja N. Mihajlova, Fil'zja N. Latypova, Semyon S. Zlotskij
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: 0000-0003-2044-5325, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: 0000-0002-2913-047Х, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: 0000-0002-7738-4634, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: 0000-0002-1869-7526, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The article considers the history of the development of homolytical (free radical) reactions of organic compounds in the liquid phase. Researches of domestic scientists in this field have been analyzed. The contribution of D.L. Rakhmankulov and his students in the development of the reactions of addition, substitution, oxidation, isomerization of substituted cyclic acetals under the action of free radicals has been revealed. Research articles about the kinetic studies of isomerization and oxidation reactions of cyclic acetals have been studied. Telomerization of light olefins with 1,3-dioxacyclanes has been described.
KEYWORDS: cyclic acetals, 1,3-dioxacyclanes, homolytical reactions, free radical reactions, telomerization, ditertiary butyl peroxide.
For citation: Mamlieva A.V., Mihajlova N.N., Latypova F.N., Zlotskij S.S. STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF HOMOLYTICAL REACTIONS OF CYCLIC ACETALS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 39–43.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10107
Acknowledgments: The study was carried out with the financial support of RFBR and the Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan in the framework of the scientific project No. 18-411-020019.

GAS SULFUR: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

GAS SULFUR PRODUCTION AT THE ORENBURG GAS PROCESSING PLANT, PROBLEM ANALYSIS AND PROPOSED SOLUTIONS (P. 44-47)
Irina A. Golubeva, Alina Sh. Gareeva
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: 0000-0002-4879-1214, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
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ABSTRACT
The analysis of the main problems of production of gas sulfur at the Orenburg gas processing plant. Proposed ways to reconstruct the process "Sulfreen" - aftertreatment of exhaust gases from the installation of Claus. Based on the actual factory data, the material balances of the “Sulfreen” process were calculated before and after making the proposed technological changes. The problems of the sulfur degassing unit are considered and the variant of its reconstruction is recommended. The relevance of sulfur utilization in the construction industry is substantiated.
KEYWORDS: sulfur, Sulfreen, additional treatment, ammonia, degassing, building materials, sulfur concrete.
For citation: Golubeva I.A., Gareeva A.Sh. GAS SULFUR PRODUCTION AT THE ORENBURG GAS PROCESSING PLANT, PROBLEM ANALYSIS AND PROPOSED SOLUTIONS. Oil & Gas Chmistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 44–47.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10108

ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION AND UTILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES
 
BIODEGRADATION OF OIL POLLUTION UNDER THE EFFECTS OF HYDROCARBON-OXIDIZING MICROORGANISMS (P. 48-51)
Elbei R. Babaev
Institute of Chemistry of Additives after Academician A.M. Guliyev, Azerbaidjan National Academy of Sciences, AZ1029, Baku, Azerbaidjan Republic
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ABSTRACT
The paper studied the biodegradation of oil and oil products extracted from oil-polluted soils from the Surakhani field on the Absheron Peninsula, Azerbaijan. The capacity of microorganisms isolated from oil-polluted soils to biotransform different condensation oil products: oil, its hexane, benzene and alcohol-benzene fractions has been determined. The oxidation of oil and oil products by hydrocarbon-oxidizing microorganisms has been investigated. The composition of the oils described in the work was studied in two aspects: first, to determine the distribution pattern of individual structural groups depending on the fractional composition and, second, to identify the features of the structural-group characteristics of the oils in the biodegradation process.
KEYWORDS: biodegradation of oil, oil products, oil spills, hydrocarbon-oxidizing microorganisms.
For citation: Babaev E.R. BIODEGRADATION OF OIL POLLUTION UNDER THE EFFECTS OF HYDROCARBON-OXIDIZING MICROORGANISMS. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 48–51.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10109

KINETICS AND CATALYSIS

NON-HYDROGEN CRACKING OF FUEL OIL IN THE PRESENCE OF POWDERS OF TUNGSTEN CARBIDE, COBALT AND NICKEL  (P. 52-56)
Taisiya A. Fedushchak1, Sergei P. Zhuravkov2, Elena V. Mikubayeva1, Alexander V. Vosmerikov1
1 Institute of Petroleum Chemistry SB RAS, 634055, Tomsk, Russia
ORCID: 0000-0003-2441-8148, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: 0000-0003-4513-3790, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: 0000-0002-7569-0902, Em-ail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
2 Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050, Tomsk, Russia
ORCID: 0000-0003-0127-302X, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
Under the conditions of heaving of the produced oil feedstock, new approaches to increase crude oil processing yield come to the fore. The paper summarizes the results of use of micron commercial powders of tungsten carbide, cobalt and nickel as additives in the course of thermal cracking of fuel oil from the Novokuibyshevsk refinery. The selectivity of powders towards the fraction +500 °С is found. As a result, the yield in light fractions increases. The effect of powders on the intermolecular redistribution of hydrogen has been established. A decrease in the sulfur content in their presence is observed. It is also found that gas and coke formation decreases significantly in the presence of the Ni powder. The cyclic use of powders without their regeneration is tested. The experiments are carried out in laboratory digesters. The research results may be of interest for low-tonnage processing of heavy oil feedstock.
KEYWORDS: powders, thermal cracking of fuel oil, yield in light fractions, selectivity, coke.
For citation: Fedushchak T.A., Zhuravkov S.P., Mikubaeva E.V., Vosmerikov A.V. NON-HYDROGEN CRACKING OF FUEL OIL IN THE PRESENCE OF POWDERS OF TUNGSTEN CARBIDE, COBALT AND NICKEL. Oil & Gas Chmistry. 2019, no. 1, pp. 52–56.
DOI:10.24411/2310-8266-2019-10110
Acknowledgments: The work was performed as part of the Project No. V.46.2.1 of the Program for Basic Scientific Research of the State Academies of Sciences.
The authors are grateful to the leading engineer Morozov M.A. and researcher, Ph.D. Akimov A.S. for participating in the experiments.

 

 

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