CONTENTS of journal "OIL & GAS CHEMISTRY" 3·2018 (Russia)

COVER THEME

SEVEN DECADES OF UFA STATE OIL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY (P. 5-14)

TO THE 70TH ANNIVERSARY OF UFA STATE PETROLEUM TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY INTERVIEW WITH RAMIL BAKHTIZIN, THE UNIVERSITY RECTOR (P. 15-22)

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS

GAS MOTOR FUEL FROM ASSOCIATED PETROLEUM GAS. SELECTIVE OXYCRACKING OF HEAVIER COMPONENTS OF APG (P. 22-34)
Alexey V. Nikitin1, Kirill Ya. Troshin1, Andrey A. Belyaev1,
Artem V. Arutyunov1, Alexander. A. Kirushin2, Vladimir S. Arutyunov1

1Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of  Sciences, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8236-3854, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2205-5742, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6715-1776, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2980-0186, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0339-0297, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
2ONCLEN LTD, 143026, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
It was demonstrated the possibility of developing relatively simple field units for conversion of Associated Petroleum Gas (APG) into conditioned gas fuel to feed gas piston engines. The technology is based on the selective oxycracking of heavier components of APG. Thus obtained fuel is satisfied necessary demands of leading manufacturers in methane index and lower heat capacity.
KEYWORDS: Associated Petroleum Gas, alkanes, gas piston engines, self-ignition delay, methane index, lower heat capacity, oxycracking.
For citation: Nikitin A.V., Troshin K.Ya., Belyaev A.A., Arutyunov A.V., Kirushin A.A., Arutyunov V.S. Gas Motor Fuel from Associated Petroleum Gas. Selective Oxycracking of Heavier Components of APG. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2018, no. 3, pp. 22-34. DOI: 10.24411/2310-8266-2018-10301.
Acknowledgments: The work was  partly supported by Skolkovo Foundation in the frame of the Grant No. MG35/17.

INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF METHANOL PRODUCTION THROUGH THE UTILIZATION OF PURGE GAS (P. 35-38)
Michael Kh. Sosna, Kirill A. Zavolokin, Anastasia A. Khamanova
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 119991, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID  https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5551-5835  E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
This article discusses the state of methyl alcohol production in Russia, the increase in methanol production efficiency by purging gas purification in a number of features of the technology used in the synthesis gas production process, and the use of exergic analysis to determine the potential of reaction gases and methanol synthesis products in order to predict increase the effectiveness of methanol synthesis technology. In the industrial production of methanol, technology is traditionally used with the use of steam conversion of natural gas, as a result of which purge gases with a high hydrogen content are formed. The separation of the purge gas from the synthesis cycle as a minor product makes it possible to increase the efficiency of the installation.
KEYWORDS: methanol, methanol production, methanol synthesis, synthesis gas, purge gases, purge gas utilization, natural gas conversion, exergy, exergy analysis.
For citation: Sosna M.Kh, Kirill A. Zavolokin K.A., Khamanova A.A. Increasing the efficiency of methanol production through the utilization of purge gas. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2018, no. 3, pp. 35-38. DOI: 10.24411/2310-8266-2018-10302.

OPTIMIZATION OF THE COMPOSITION OF THE SYNTHESIS GAS FOR SMALL-TONNAGE PRODUCTION OF METHANOL (P. 39-43)
Yuri V. Zagashvili1, Alexey M. Kuzmin2
1LLC “VTR”, 199226, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
2LLC “GSG”, 199226, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The requirements for the composition of synthesis gas for the optimal synthesis of methanol are considered. A method for producing synthesis gas for low-tonnage methanol production based on partial oxidation of natural gas in the original three-component (hydrocarbon raw material-oxidizer-water) gas generators of synthesis gas is described.A simple and reliable algorithm for controlling the composition of the synthesis gas for the optimal synthesis of methanol on copper-aluminum catalysts is proposed. The technical implementation of the algorithm consists in controling the stoichiometric ratio of synthesis gas components by regulating the flow of synthesis gas through a block of carbon dioxide adsorbers.
KEYWORDS: synthesis gas, synthesis gas plants, carbon dioxide, small-scale methanol production, partial oxidation, mass flow meter-regulator, correction unit, adaptive control.
For citation: Zagashvili Yu.V., Kuzmin A.M. Optimization of the composition of the synthesis gas for small-tonnage production of methanol. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2018, no. 3, pp. 39-43. DOI: 10.24411/2310-8266-2018-10303.

SYNTHESIS OF TRANSITION METAL PHTHALOCYANINES AND THEIR APPLICATION AS ADDITIVES TO LUBRICANTS (P. 44-48)
Karina G. Aleksanyan, Olga A. Stokolos, Yulia N. Zaytseva, Ekaterina V. Solodova, Darya A. Belysheva, Andrey A. Botin
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2197-259X, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2284-6843, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5590-2704, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7285-9813, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
 ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3413-4552, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2615-8706, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
Basic methods for the production of phthalocyanines are considered. An optimal method for the synthesis of phthalocyanines is selected. Phthalocyanines of various transition metals are synthesized using this method. These phthalocyanines are used as additives in the preparation of polyurea lubricants.
KEYWORDS: phthalocyanines, phthalonitrile, phthalocyanine dyes, synthesis of phthalocyanines.
For citation: Aleksanyan K.G, Stokolos O.A., Zaytseva Yu. N., Solodova E. V., Belysheva D.A., Botin A.A. Synthesis of transition metal phthalocyanines and their application as additives to lubricants. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2018, no. 3, pp. 44-48. DOI: 10.24411/2310-8266-2018-10304.

REVIEW OF MODERN METHODS OF INFLUENCE ON THE RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF HEAVY HIGHLY VISCOUS OILS (P. 49-52)
Ilnur I. Khasanov1, Ruslan A. Shakirov1, Alexander Yu.  Leontyev1,
Olga Yu. Poletaeva1, Elbay R. Babayev2, Pervin Sh. Mamedova2
1Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3422-1237, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1641-588X, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3363-6841, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9602-0051, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
2 Academician A.M. Guliyev  Institute of Chemistry of Additives, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, AZ1029, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7614-4797, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The object of the study is the problem of developing deposits with heavy heavy oils. Modern research on the study of physical effects is presented, among which there are ultrasonic, superhigh-frequency and magnetic methods, and rheological properties of oil. The main directions for the continuation of the study of this direction were proposed with the aim of eliminating the existing shortcomings in earlier experiments.
KEYWORDS: heavy oil, high viscosity oil, ultrasound impact, magnetic impact.
For citation: Khasanov I.I., Shakirov R.A., Leontyev A.Yu., Poletaeva O.Yu., Babayev E.R., Mamedova P.Sh. Review of modern methods of influence on the rheological properties of heavy highly viscous oils. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2018, no. 3, pp. 49-52 . DOI: 10.24411/2310-8266-2018-10305.
Acknowledgments: The reported study was funded by RFBR according to the research project №18-55-06018.This work was supported by the Science Development Foundation under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan- Grant № EIF-BGM-4-RFTF-1/2017-21/12/4.

KINETICS AND CATALYSIS

STUDY OF THE CATALYTIC PROPERTIES OF POLYSTYRENE CATIONITES (P. 53-58)
Edard Kh. Karimov
Branch of Ufa State Oil Technical University in Sterlitamak, 453118, Sterlitamak, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4224-4586, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
It is shown the key role of pore volume of the cation for its catalytic activity. On the example of gel structure of polystyrene cationite catalysis in the process of dehydration of low molecular weight alcohol is investigated. Polystyrene cationites with a share of cross linking agent (divinylbenzene) of 3% by weight were synthesized and characterized from 3% up to 10% by weight. A comparative test of cationites with different degrees of cross-linking of the polystyrene matrix was carried out. The tendency of decrease of reaction rate at increase of a share of the crosslinking agent of cationite is established. There were described three stages of the mechanism of dehydration of alcohol per proton containing surface. It was made on the example of the active center –SO3H+ associated with polystyrene microporous structure, the stages of protonation of the alcohol, removal of water and the elimination (transfer) of the proton from the hydrocarbon with the formation of multiple bonds. In the studied samples of the cation exchanger due to the reduction of the internal pores of catalytic activity is reduced from 90% to 60 %.
KEYWORDS: cationite, polystyrene, styrene, divinylbenzene, tert-butyl alcohol, isobutylene.
For citation: Karimov E.Kh. Study of the catalytic properties of polystyrene cationites. Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2018, no. 3, pp. 53-58. DOI: 10.24411/2310-8266-2018-10306.

CRACKING CATALYST IN THE REACTION OF BENZOILATION OF ARENES  (P. 59-60)
Vladimir D. Ryabov, Olga B. Chernova, Irina A. Bronzova
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, 119991, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4468-331X, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7496-1005, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6609-8280, E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
Benzoilation of toluene and o-xylene is investigated in presence of zeolite contained aluminosilicate catalysts cracking: bizeolite M-1, monozeolite  KTSM-99. Benzoilchloride is introduced to the reactor in mixture of catalyst and hydrocarbon at the temperature of  boiling temperature of hydrocarbon and with  intensive agitation. The reaction products were separated by decanting and distilled at atmospheric pressure. The fractions were analyzed by methods IR-, PMR-, and mass-spectrometry.  Benzoilation of toluene in presence of catalysts KTSM-99 had as result the formation of tolylphenylketone.  In case of catalysts M-1 benzoilchloride  was undergone  the selfcondensation.
KEYWORDS: alumosilicate  zeolite  cracking catalysts, Benzoilation of toluene and o-xylene, o-Xylyl phenylketone. Tolylphenylketone, Selfcondensation of  benzoilchloride.
For citation: Ryabov V.D., Chernova O.B.,  Bronzova I.A. Cracking Catalyst in the reaction of benzoilation of arenes // Oil & Gas Chemistry. 2018, no. 3, pp. 59-60. DOI: 10.24411/2310-8266-2018-10307.

 

 

Фотогалерея

КОНТАКТЫ


Индекс: 119313
Москва, улица Гарибальди, д. 4Г
Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.

Телефон редакции:
+7 (916) 593-05-29