CONTENTS of journal "OIL & GAS CHEMISTRY" 2·2018 (Russia)

DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

REALIZATION OF PROJECTS – A WAY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN OIL AND GAS CHEMICAL INDUSTRY (P. 5-13)
BRAGINSKY O.B., Dr. Sci. (Econ.). Prof., Head of the Laboratory Strategies for the development of industry complexes
FGBUN Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (47, Pr. Nakhimovsky, 117418, Moscow, Russia).
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ABSTRACT
An analysis is made of the development of the Russian oil and gas chemical industry for the period 1991–2017. It is noted that the colossal losses suffered by the industry in the 1990s have discarded it from the top five countries in the middle of the second decade and created a mass of industrial and technological socio-economic problems. It is shown on the example of production, consumption, export and import of the largest-tonnage polymers (polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride) as the situation can significantly improve in the case of successful implementation of large projects. The main projects of development of oil and gas chemistry as a part of the state program of development of the industry in the period up to 2030 are analyzed. The idea of the need to choose from a variety of proposed projects priority projects is suggested and the scheme of selection of such projects with the help of expert procedures is proposed, a set of measures of the state support of priority projects is recommended.
KEYWORDS: oil and gas chemical industry, development trends, projects, priority projects.

CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGIES AND PRODUCTS

EFFECT OF THE ACTIVATION GAS SUPPLY TO THE REACTION ZONE OF THE REACTOR ON THE THERMAL CRACKING OF KUWAITI VACUUM RESIDUES (P. 14-20)
KRYUCHKOV V.A., Senior Researcher
Institute of Oil and Gas Problems RAS (3, Gubkin St., 119333, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
KRYUCHKOV M.V., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Associate Prof.
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) (65, korp.1, Leninskiy Pr., 119991, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The paper describes the thermal cracking of the Kuwaiti vacuum residues using the supply of activating gas in the reaction zone of the reactor. As a model of the activating gas selected is nitrogen. The activation of the process of thermal cracking with nitrogen can dramatically increase the processing depth of thevacuum residues at temperatures below the temperatures used in conventional processes visbreaking. The increase in the processing depth is explained by the fact that nitrogen activation creates conditions when only heavy hydrocarbons are easily subjected to the thermolysis process at relatively low temperatures in the reactor’s reaction zone, as well as by the high catalytic activity of the residual product accumulated in the reactor’s reaction zone.
KEYWORDS: synthesis gas, natural gas, methane, conversion.

INFLUENCE OF THE MAGNETIC FIELD ON THE DISPERSITY AND COMPOSITION OF THE OF CRACKING PRODUCTS OF VACUUM GASOLINE AND ITS MIXTURE WITH COTTON OIL (P. 21-24)
ABBASOV V.M., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Acad. NAS of Azerbaijan, Director
MAMEDOVA T.A., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Deputy Director for Research
KHALAFOVA I.A., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), doctoral student of the Laboratory of Renewable Fuels
MOVSUMOV N.E., Postgraduate Student of the Laboratory of Renewable Fuels
LATIFOVA T.S., Technologist of the Laboratory of Renewable Fuels
Institute of Petrochemical Processes named after Academician Yusif Mammadaliyev of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan (30, Khojali Av., AZ1148, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.; E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
It was investigated the effect of magnetic treatment on the electronic absorption spectra and spectra of dynamic light scattering of vacuum gasoil and its 5% mixture with cottonseed oil. It was revealed that the treatment by the magnetic field of vacuum gas oil and its 5% mixture with cottonseed oil increases the yield of diesel fractions on 19,7–25 % wt in the catalytic cracking process on temperature 500 °C.
KEYWORDS: cracking, vacuum gas oil, cottonseed oil, magnetic field, electronic absorption spectra, electron paramagnetic resonance spectra, spectra of dynamic light scattering.

INFLUENCE OF MICROWAVE EXPOSURE ON THE CHANGE OF THE VISCOSITY OF HIGHLY VISCOUS HEAVY OIL (P. 25-27)
LEONTYEV A.YU., Postgraduate Student of the Department of Hydraulic and Gas Dynamics of Pipeline Systems and Hydraulic Machines
POLETAEVA O.YU., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof. of the Department of Hydraulic and Gas Dynamics of Pipeline Systems and Hydraulic Machines
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
BABAYEV E.R., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Researcher.
MAMEDOVA P.SH., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Head of laboratory «Additives to Cutting Fluids».
Institute of Chemistry of Additives after Academician A.M. Guliyev (Azerbaijan Republic, AZ1029, Baku, Beyukshor Highway, Block 2062).
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ABSTRACT
The effect of direct heating and microwave exposure on highly viscous oil has been experimentally investigated. Oils from the Volga-Ural oil and gas-bearing basin were used as test item. There were carried out a series of experiments in which were studied changes of viscosity from the duration and power of microwave exposure. Influence of the temperature on the viscosity of oil samples during direct and microwave heating were determined. It is shown that microwave exposure is more effective for viscosity reducing. The influence of time of physical action on changes in oil viscosity during storage was also revealed.
KEYWORDS: highly viscous heavy oil, direct heating, microwave exposure, oil disperse system, flow curves, dynamic viscosity.

KINETICS AND CATALYSIS

AROMATIZATION OF C3, C4-ALKANES ON Zn-PENTASIL OF MFI STRUCTURAL TYPE (P. 28-32)
VOSMERIKOV A.A., Postgraduate
VOSMERIKOVA L.N., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Researcher
Institute of Petroleum Chemistry SB RAS (4, Akademichesky Av., 634055, Tomsk, Russia)
ZAIKOVSKII V.I., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Researcher
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS (pr. Lavrentieva 5, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia)
VOSMERIKOV A.V., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Head of the Laboratory
Institute of Petroleum Chemistry SB RAS (4, Akademichesky Av., 634055, Tomsk, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
A zeolite of MFI structural type was synthesized from alkaline alumo-silica gels using hydrothermal method and then it was modified with zinc by impregnation. Structural, acidic and catalytic properties of Zn-pentasil were studied in the process of lower alkanes dehydrocyclization. It was found that the greatest amount of aromatic hydrocarbons at 550 °C was formed at butane conversion and the smallest one – at propane conversion. It was shown that in order to achieve a close conversion of propane and butane and to yield the desired product in the presence of Zn-containing zeolite, the process temperature during propane conversion should be 50 degrees higher under the same other reaction conditions.
KEYWORDS: Zn-pentasil, propane, butane, propane-butane fraction, aromatic hydrocarbons.

PHASE EQUILIBRIA IN THE HYDRATE-FORMING SYSTEMS

INFLUENCE OF COMPOSITION AND EXTERNAL GAS PRESSURE ON ICE AND HYDRATE FORMATION IN GAS–SATURATED PORE SOLUTIONS (P. 33-42)
ISTOMIN V.A., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Principal Scientist
Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech) (3, Nobel St., 121205, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
Gazprom VNIIGAZ LLC (5537, pos. 15, build. 1, Proektiruemyj proezd, village Razvilka, Razvilkovsky, Leninsky district, Moscow region, 142717,
Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
CHUVILIN E.M., Ph.D. (Geol.-Min.), Leading Researcher
SERGEEVA D.V., Ph.D. Student
BUHKANOV B.A., Ph.D. (Geol.-Min.), Researcher
Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech) (3, Nobel St., 121205, Moscow, Russia).
STANILOVSKAYA YU.V., Permafrost Specialist
Total (Tour Coupole - 2 place Jean Millier 92078 Paris la Defense cedex, France)
BADETZ C., R&D Director
Total E&P Russie (21, 1 Tverskaya – Yamskaya St., 125047, Moscow, Russia).
ABSTRACT
One of the recent trends of the northern gas-producing regions of Russia is the formation of large-diameter craters. The phenomenon is explained by pressure build-up in isolated freezing taliks, which resu lts in frozen rocks fracturing with the subsequent outbreak of taliks’ matter and formation of craters. For assessment of possible conditions for pore moisture crystallization, a method for the thermodynamic calculation of the freezing temperature of gas-saturated mineralized pore solutions of different gas compositions under pressure is developed. Simplified equations suitable for use in practice are obtained that make it possible to carry out thermodynamic computations. The influence of the following three factors on the freezing point of gas-saturated solutions is analyzed: the external pressure created by the gas, the presence of a gas dissolved in water and the water mineralization. In particular, methane and carbon dioxide as well as their mixtures of are considered in the model. The maximum possible pressure of taliks is estimated (the pressure limitation is associated with the onset of the hydrate formation process).
KEYWORDS: freezing temperature, gas saturated aqueous solutions, hydrate formation, gas solubility in water, funnel in cryolitozone, freezing under pressure, methane, carbon dioxide, freezing of a gas saturated talik.

MODELING OF OIL AND GAS GEOSYSTEMS

NUMERICAL BASIN MODELING IS AN EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY OF FORECAST OF OIL AND GAS POTENTIAL (P. 43-48)
KERIMOV V.YU., Dr. Sci. (Geol.-Min.), Prof., Head of the Department of Theoretical Basics of Prospecting and Exploration of Oil and Gas
MUSTAEV R.N., Cand. Sci. (Geol.-Min.), Associate Prof. of the Department of Theoretical Basics of Prospecting and Exploration of Oil and Gas
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) (65, korp.1, Leninskiy Pr., 119991, Moscow, Russia).
Russian State Geological prospecting University (23, Miklouho-Maklay’s St., 117997, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.,
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MONAKOVA A.S., Senior Lecturer of the Department of Theoretical Basics of Prospecting and Exploration of Oil and Gas
DANTSOVA K.I., Assistant of the Department of Theoretical Basics of Prospecting and Exploration of Oil and Gas
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) (65, korp.1, Leninskiy Pr., 119991, Moscow, Russia).
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ABSTRACT
Numerical basin modeling is the reconstruction of geological processes occurring in sedimentary basins using physical and mathematical apparatus. In basin modeling, all geological processes occurring in the sedimentary basins during their evolution are calculated and, one way or another, affecting the formation of hydrocarbon accumulations (hydrocarbons) and their safety (sedimentation, erosion, tectonic movements, thermal regime, etc.). The article deals with the issues of efficiency of numerical basin modeling.
KEYWORDS: basin modeling, efficiency, software product, geological processes, oil and gas potential forecast criteria.

 

 

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